Ch. 6 Flashcards Preview

Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 6 Deck (55)
Loading flashcards...
1

Phren(o)

Pertaining to diaphragm or mind

2

Pneum(o)

Pertaining to lungs or air

3

Phas(o)

Pertaining to speech

4

Spir(o)

Pertaining to breath

5

Nasolacrimal duct

Tubular passage that carries tears from eyes to nasal cavity

6

Glottis

Vocal apparatus of the larynx, consists of the vocal folds and openings between them

7

Epiglottis

Lidlike structure composed of cartilage and covers the larynx during the swallowing of food

8

Interalveolar

Pertaining to the area between alveoli

9

Apical

Refers to the apex

10

Hillum

Refers to a depression in surface

11

Rhonchus

Abnormal sound consisting of continuous rumbling that clears upon coughing

12

Wheeze

A musical noise that sounds like a squeak

13

Crackle

Discontinuous bubbling noises during inspiration that are not cleared by coughing

14

Friction rub

Dry, grating sound, if heard over pleural area could indicate lung disease

15

Stridor

Abnormal high pitched musical sound caused by obstruction of trachea or larynx most often heard during inspiration

16

Arterial blood gas analysis (ABG)

Blood test that measures amount of O2, CO2, and pH in a blood sample collected from an aertery

17

Phlegm

Abnormally thick mucus secreted by the membranes of the respiratory passages

18

Sputum

Phlegm or other material coughed up from the lungs

19

Bronchography, bronchogram

Use of X rays after instillation of an opaque solution, the film obtained by the procedure

20

Pulmonary angiography

Radiology of the vessels of the lungs after injection of a contrast medium

21

Apnea

Absence of spontaneous breathing

22

2 main types of sleep apnea

1) Central sleep apnea - failure to stimulate from CNS
2) Obstructive sleep apnea - Collapes or obstruction of airway

23

Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR)

Abnormal pattern of respiration characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing

24

SOB abbreviation

Shortness of breath

25

Dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing

26

Asphyxia

Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen due to extrinsic or intrinsic causes

27

Alkalosis

Pathogenic condition resulting from the accumulation of basic substances or from a loss of acid in the body, transient alkalosis can be caused by hyperventilation

28

Hypercapnia

Excess carbon dioxide in the blood

29

Orthopnea

Occurs when breathing is difficult except in an upright position

30

CAL abbreviation

Chronic airflow limitation