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Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 1 Deck (62)
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1

Word root and examples

Primary body of a word, possibly accompanied by a prefix, suffix, or both,
ex) Nephr, psych, caud, or, ren, pharmac

2

Prefix and examples

Word part that is placed before a word root to modify its meaning
ex) Brady, mal, endo, ad

3

Suffix and examples

Word part that is placed at the end of a word root to modify its meaning
ex) Ology, pathy, ary

4

Eponym and examples

Names of diseases, organs, procedures, or body functions derived from the name of a person
ex) Gram stain, Raynaud disease, Krebs cycle

5

Abbreviations and examples

Shortened words or phrases
ex) CPR, D&C, lig, stat.

6

Medicine

Art and science of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, a drug or a remedy for illness

7

Cardi(o)

Pertaining to the heart

8

Crin(o)

Pertaining to secrete

9

Dermat(o)

Pertaining to skin

10

Esthesi(o)

Pertaining to feeling or sensation

11

Gastr(o)

Pertaining to stomach

12

Enter(o)

Pertaining to the small intestine/intestines in general

13

Ger(o)

Pertaining to the elderly or aged

14

Gynec(o)

Pertaining to females

15

Immun(o)

Pertaining to immune

16

Ne(o)

Pertaining to new

17

Nat(o)

Pertaining to birth

18

Neur(o)

Pertaining to nerves

19

Obstetr(o)

Pertaining to midwifery (assisting women in labor)

20

Onc(o)

Pertaining to tumor

21

Opthalm(o)

Pertaining to the eye

22

Orth(o)

Pertaining to straightness

23

Ped(o)

Pertaining to child, or foot

24

Path(o)

Pertaining to disease

25

Psych(o)

Pertaining to the mind

26

Radi(o), or roentgen(o)

Pertaining to radiation

27

Rheumat(o)

Pertaining to disorders of joints

28

Rhin(o)

Pertaining to the nose

29

Ur(o)

Pertaining to the urinary tract

30

Internist

Medical specialist focused on the clinical (nonsurgical) diagnosis and treatment of diseases of internal structures of the body