Ch. 10 Flashcards Preview

Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 10 Deck (54)
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1

Diaphysis

Thick long shaft of a long bone

2

Epiphysis

Expanded portions of bone at the end of the diaphysis

3

Myel(o)

Pertaining to bone marrow

4

Rachi(o)

Pertaining to vertebral or spinal column

5

Spondyl(o)

Pertaining to vertebrae

6

Foramen magnum

Opening at the base of skull through which the spinal cord passes

7

Cranial bones

Parietal
Temporal
Frontal
Occipital
Ethmoid
Sphenoid

8

Facial bones

Maxilla
Zygomatic
Mandible
Nasal
Palatine
Inferior nasal concha
Lacrimal
Vomer

9

Fontanels

Soft spaces covered by tough membranes between the soft bones of the skull in an infant

10

Calcane(o)

Pertaining to the calcaneus

11

Hypertonicity

Abnormally increased muscle tone or strength

12

Extension

Movement that straightens a limb

13

Flexion

Movement that bends a limb

14

Abduction

Draw away from the midline of the body

15

Adduction

Movement toward the midline of the body

16

Rotation

Movement of a bone around its own axis

17

Supination

Rotation palm upward

18

Pronation

Rotation palm downward

19

Eversion

Turning outward

20

Inversion

Turning inward

21

Circumduction

Circular movement of a limb

22

Bone densitometry

Determines bone mass with a machine that measures how well rays penetrate bone

23

Lumbar puncture

Therapeutic or diagnostic procedural spinal tap

24

Arthrocentesis

Surgical puncture of a joint with a needle

25

ANA test abbreviation and definition

Antinuclear antibody test, used to diagnose systemic lupus erythematosus and other autoimmune diseases

26

Calciuria

Presence of calcium in urine

27

RF test abbreviation and definiton

Rheumatoid factor, a test for rheumatoid arthritis

28

Arthr(o)

Pertaining to joint

29

Ankyl(o)

Pertaining to stiff

30

Schler(o)

Pertaining to hardening