Ch. 5 Flashcards Preview

Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 5 Deck (40)
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1

Mediastinum

Perpendicular line representing the space separating the lungs

2

Venipuncture

Opening of a vein to draw blood for laboratory analysis

3

HTN abbreviation

Hypertension

4

Holter monitor

Portable EKG that an individual can wear while conducting normal daily activities

5

Phleb(o)

Pertaining to vein

6

Coronary arteries

Arteries that supply blood to the heart

7

3 tissue layers of the heart

Endocardium, myocardium, epicardium

8

LDH test and CPK test

(Lactate dehydrogenase and creatine phosphokinase) Blood tests to check the levels of enzymes in the bloodstream released by a damaged heart muscle to assess heart damage, typically near a heart attack

9

Echocardiography

Noninvasive procedure using ultrasonic waves in diagnosing heart disease

10

TEE abbreviation

Transesophageal echocardiogram

11

Arteriography

Radiography of the arteries after injection of a radiopaque material into blood stream

12

Arteriogram vs arteriograph

Interchangable terminology for the film produced in arteriography

13

Heart palpitations

Subjective sensations of a pounding or racing heart

14

Fibrillation

A cardiac arrhythmia marked by rapid, uncoordinated contractions ineffective at circulation

15

Ischemia

Insufficient blood flow to a specific area

16

Angina pectoris

Chest pain

17

Infarct

Tissue death due to hypoxic conditions typically brought on by a lack of blood flow to an area

18

Myocardial infarction

Necrosis of cardiac muscle caused by an obstruction or clot in the coronary artery

19

Congestive heart failure

Abnormal condition that results in impaired cardiac function

20

MI abbreviation

Myocardial infarction

21

Hemopericardium

Effusion of blood into the pericardial space

22

Cardiac tamponade

Accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space that leads to compression of the heart

23

hypovolemia

Abnormally low circulating blood volume

24

Aneurysm

Localized dilation or ballooning out of a wall of blood vessels, with the potential to rupture causing hemorrhage

25

CVA abbreviation

Cerebrovascular accident, stroke

26

CAD abbreviation

Coronary artery disease

27

Phlebitis

Inflammation of the vein

28

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

Basic emergency procedure for life support consisting of manual external cardiac masage and artificial respiration in individuals suffering from anoxia to limit irreversible cardiac and cerebral damages

29

Cardioverter

An automatic implantable device that supplies a shock upon sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation to restore normal rhythm

30

Endarterectomy

Surgical excision of ateriosclerotic plaque from the inner wall of an obstructed artery