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Building a Medical Vocabulary > Ch. 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 2 Deck (101)
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1

Illness

An abnormal process in which aspects of social, physical, emotional, or intellectual condition or function of a person are diminished or impaired, with general term for impairment being disease, and specific illness being considered disease or disorders

2

Idiopathic disease

A disease that develops without an apparent or known cause

3

Iatrogenic disorder

An unfavorable response to medical treatment

4

Iatr(o)

Pertaining to physician or treatment

5

Idi(o)

Pertaining to individual

6

Nosocomial infection

A hospital acquired infection that was not present or incubating before the patient's admission to the hospital and is acquired 72 hours after admission

7

Congenital

Conditions that exist at, or before, birth

8

Anomaly

A deviation from what is considered normal, typically as a result of congenital defects

9

Biohazard label

Laboratories, doctors' offices, and other organizations that work with possible disease causing organisms and/or radiation that require special conditions for containment

10

Contagious/communicable

The capability of a pathogenic organism to be transmitted from one individual to another

11

Infection

Invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms

12

Septicemia/sepsis

An infection that has spread to the circulating blood from any part of the body

13

3 major bacterial classifications based on shape

Cocci, bacili (rod), spirilla

14

C&S test

Culture and sensitivity test, an antibiotic sensitivity test performed on bacteria cultured artificially in a petri dish to then determine which antibiotics are effective against that particular pathogen

15

What type of infection is hepatitis?

Viral

16

What type of infection is fever blisters?

Viral

17

What type of infection is HPV?

Viral

18

What type of infection is herpes?

Viral

19

What type of infection is infectious mononucleosis?

Viral

20

What type of infection is measles?

Viral

21

What type of infection is mumps?

Viral

22

What type of infection is pneumonia?

Viral or bacterial

23

What type of infection is poliomyleitis?

Viral

24

What type of infection is smallpox?

Viral

25

What type of infection is tetanus?

Bacterial

26

What type of infection is diptheria?

Bacterial

27

What type of infection is meningitis?

Bacterial or viral

28

What type of infection is whooping cough?

Bacterial

29

What type of infection is TB?

Bacterial

30

What type of infection is typhoid fever?

Bacterial