Ch 6 Practice Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 6 Practice Questions Deck (17):
1

List three ways carbon dioxide is carried in the blood.

• Dissolved in the blood
• As bicarbonate ion
• Combined with hemoglobin as carbaminohemoglobin

2

Which of the following are also known as erythrocytes?
• White blood cells
• Platelets
• Red blood cells

• Red blood cells

3

The two major components of blood are:
• formed elements
• lymph
• interstitial fluid
• plasma

• formed elements
• plasma

4

When oxygen binds to heme, hemoglobin assumes a slightly different shape and is called _____.

oxyhemoglobin

5

Plasma consists mainly of:
• antibodies
• vitamins
• proteins
• water

• water

6

Three categories of blood function are transport, _____, and _______.

Defense and regulation

7

A patient who has type B antigens on the surface of their erythrocytes and produces anti-A antibodies has type ____ blood.

B

8

An insufficient number of red blood cells or when the red blood cells do not have enough hemoglobin, a condition called ____ results.

Anemia

9

Identify all of the following substances transported by the blood:
• carbon dioxide
• nutrients
• lymph
• oxygen
• hormones

• carbon dioxide
• nutrients
• oxygen
• hormones

10

The formed elements of the blood that are even smaller than the red blood cells are the _______.

Platelets

11

Platelets can play an important role in:
• blood clotting
• production of antibodies
• engulfing foreign particles

• blood clotting

12

Red blood cells are produced by stem cells in the
• heart
• kidneys
• bone marrow
• large intestine

• bone marrow

13

Regulatory functions of the blood include maintenance of pH, osmotic pressure, and
• body temperature
• antibody levels
• hormone levels

• body temperature

14

Problems associated with the Rh factor are most likely to arise under what conditions?
• a father that is Rh negative
• during a second pregnancy
• a pregnant mother that is Rh negative
• during a first pregnancy

• during a second pregnancy
• a mother that is Rh negative

15

The term that refers to the rupturing and destruction of red blood cells is ________.

Hemolysis

16

Pathogens are destroyed by being engulfed during a process called _____.

Phagocytosis

17

Blood not only transports nutrients and gases, but also transports _____, such as excess nitrogen, to the kidneys for elimination.

Waste