Chapter 11 Practice Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Practice Questions Deck (40):
1

Which of the following is a cordlike structure formed from fibrous connective tissue that connects bones together?

ligaments

2

Select all that are parts of a long bone:
• Medullary cavity
• Suture
• Epiphysis
• Periosteum

• Medullary cavity
• Epiphysis
• Periosteum

3

Rank in order as they occur the four steps of bone repair:
• Hematoma
• Bony callus
• Fibrocartilaginous callus
• Remodeling

1. Hematoma
2. Fibrocartilaginous callus
3. Bony callus
4. Remodeling

4

What makes cartilage specifically suited for absorbing impact?

It lacks nerves

5

The bone tissue that consists of units called osteons is called ______ bone tissue.

compact

6

Where are trabeculae found?

Spongy bone

7

Select all of the following situations that require bone remodeling
• Development
• Shape changing
• Breaking
• Healing

• Shape changing
• Healing

8

______ refers to the formation of bone.

Ossification

9

Select all of the connective tissue of the skeletal system:
• Muscle
• Nerve
• Tendon
• Bone
• Cartilage
• Ligament

• Bone
• Cartilage
• Ligament

10

Most bones grow in length and width during adolescence, but some continue enlarging until about age:

25 years

11

The tiny chambers in osteons that contain osteocytes are ______.

Lacunae

12

Where is the periosteum located?

It is a layer of fibrous connective tissue that covers a bone

13

A chemical messenger produced in one place in the body and acting on another is a ______.

Hormone

14

Which of the following are functions of the human skeletal system?
• Produces blood cells
• Secretes hormones
• Transmits impulses
• Stores necessary minerals
• Protects internal organs

• Produces blood cells
• Stores necessary minerals
• Protects internal organs

15

A bone's ability to respond throughout life to injury and stress is called bone ______.

Remodeling

16

What is the cavity in the diaphysis that is filled with yellow bone marrow?

Medullary cavity

17

Select all of the following that describes cartilage:
• Within lacunae
• Compact or spongy
• No blood vessels
• No nerves
• Get-like matrix

• Within lacunae
• No blood vessels
• No nerves
• Get-like matrix

18

Bones that form between sheets of fibrous connective tissue develop through ______ ossification.

Intramembranous

19

Select all of the following that characterize the epiphysis of a long bone:
• Blood cells are made here
• Composed of spongy bone
• Coated with hyaline cartilage
• Contains yellow bone marrow

• Blood cells are made here
• Composed of spongy bone
• Coated with hyaline cartilage

20

Which of the following contains rows of cells with collagen fibers arranged in bundles?
A. Fibrous connective tissue
B. Fibrocartilage
C. Hyaline cartilage
D. Elastic dartilage

Fibrous connective tissue

21

What process regulates calcium in the blood?

Bone recycling

22

Simple break

The break does not pierce the skin

23

Spiral break

A ragged break due to twisted bone

24

Compound break

The bone pierces the skin

25

Incomplete break

The bone is not in separate parts

26

Impacted break

The broken ends are wedged together

27

What gives flexibility to elastic cartilage?

Elastin fibers

28

______ are mature bone cells that maintain the structure of bone.

Osteocytes

29

What is the function of red bone marrow?

The production of blood cells

30

Select all of the following statements that describe osteocytes:
• Mature bone cell
• Maintain the structure of the bone
• Derived from osteoblasts
• Promote deposition of calcium salts into the matrix

• Mature bone cell
• Maintain the structure of the bone
• Derived from osteoblasts

31

IN bone tissue, cells called osteoclasts break the tissue matrix down and deposit ______ and ______ into the blood.

Calcium, and phosphate

32

Which cell promotes the calcification or ossification of the matrix?

Osteoblast

33

Bone stress and exercise will lead to ______ stimulation, as opposed to osteoclast stimulation.

Osteoblast

34

Osteoblast

Bone forming cell

35

Osteoclast

Bone recylcing cell

36

Oseocyte

Bone maintaining cell

37

Select all of the following that describe yellow bone marrow:
• Production of white blood cells
• Fat storage
• Production of red blood cells
• An energy reserve

• Fat storage
• An energy reserve

38

The ______ is the central shaft, the largest part, of the long bone.

Diaphysis

39

During endochondral ossification, ______ tissue is gradually replaced by a calcified ______ matrix.

Cartilage, bone

40

Select all of the following that describe an osteocyte:
• Break down bone
• Derived from osteoblasts
• Mature bone cell
• Maintain the structure of bone
• Derived from osteoclasts

• Derived from osteoblasts
• Mature bone cell
• Maintain the structure of bone