Flashcards in Ch 9 Deck (14):
Identify the various types of changes across the life span
-Social: having friends and our new interactions .
-Moral:knowing right from wrong
-physical:we get older and taller
-Cognitve: the way we process info
Explain the issue of nature vs. nurture
Nature: influence of genetic inheritance in human development
Nurture:Influence of environmental experiences in human development. this begins in the womb.
What are the different stages of prenatal development and their characteristics
-Zygote: fusion of sperm and egg
-Embryo: 3+ weeks has a heartbeat and neural tube
-Fetus: 7 months EEG detectable.
Define teratogens and give examples
Any substance that is harmful to developing human.
ex Fetal alcohol syndrome
Explain the various skills of newborns
-Rooting reflex: reflex consisting of head-turning and mouth opening when an infants cheek is stroked.
-Sucking reflex: reflex triggered by inserting a fingertip in an infant's mouth
-Crying when hungry
-face preference: like to look at human faces
Explain children's cognitive development as suggested by Jean Piaget.
Kids develop schemas in order to organize information to help them better understand the world.
-Assimilation: kids take in information that is comparable to what they know.
-Accommodation: process of adapting our mental frameworks to incorporate new information.
Explain the sensorimotor stage
-birth to 2 years
-exploration by looking, hearing, touching, mouthing and grasping
-lack object permanence ex peek a boo.
Explain the preoperational stage
-2 to 7 years old
-builds symbols and schemas
-intuition but no logic/abstraction
explain the concrete operational stage
-7 to 11 yrs old
-logical reasoning of concrete ideas
-able to do the conservation task (the idea that mas and volume of objects remain the same despite changes in their form), seriation, simple math
explain the formal operational stage
-adult like intellegince
What are Piaget's four stages of cognitive development?
What are the three attatchment styles of infants/children
-Secure: children have caregivers that are responsive and sensitive to their needs
-Avoidant: caregiver is insensitive and inattentive to childs need
-Anxious/resistant : caregivers are inconsistent level of responsiveness to their child
Describe Mary Ainsworth's strange situtaion test
A mother and child are put in a room. After child gets comftrable mother leaves and a stranger enters. After the mother returns to comfort baby.
-Avoidant kids: did not care when parent left. when parent returns the child is slow to show happiness.
-Secure: distressed when parent left.easily comforted when parent returned
-Anxious/resistant: became angry at parent for leaving and was difficult to comfort