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Flashcards in CH.2 Deck (31):
1

who's motto "to conquer is to live" and help found the colony for the virginia company. arrogant adventurer who had fought wars across europe

John Smith

2

investors pool money, hopefully profit, given charter from king

joint stock companies

3

queen elizabeth the first from the virgin queen, first joint stock company, found Jamestown

Virginia company

4

given the land by queen, first settlement Jamestown

Sir walter raleigh

5

what settlement was named after the king

Jamestown

6

“a group of Native American peoples that lived in eastern Virginia at the time of the first English settlements there.”

powhatans

7

only 38 colonists remained alive
smith enforced new rules- he don't work, don't eat"
forced colonists to farm
forced powhatans to provide food
smith burned bad by a bag of gunpowder
forced to return to england

The starving time

8

tobacco-
europeans were introduced to it after columbus first voyage
very harsh, king james called it "sot weed"
1.5 mil pounds being exported to europe

Brown Gold

9

what did king james call brown gold

sot weed

10

who founded brown gold

john rolfe

11

anyone who paid their own way or someone else way to the colony received 50 acres of land per person

headright system

12

a group of people that settled a land grant

plantation

13

received passage, food, shelter, and "stuff"upon completion of service
gave 4-7 years of servitude

indentured servants

14

20 arrvied on a dutch ship
these were treated as indentured servants

slaves

15

who was the chiefs daughter and later married john rolfe

pocahontas

16

where was pocahontas killed

england

17

a puritan that wants to pull away from the church of england

separatists

18

who set up plymouth colony?

pilgrims

19

what boat did the pilgrims come over on?

mayflower

20

first constitution, they did this for the name of god

mayflower compact

21

joint stock company, leader john winthrop

massachusetts Bay company

22

governor of massachusetts bay colony

john winthrop

23

government based on religion

theocracy

24

Family unit that made it strong, kept them as an anchor

role of the family in massachusetts

25

founder of rhode island kicked out of massachusetts

roger williams

26

governor of new netherlands, makes a call to arms and they don't respond so they take colony without a shot

peter stuyvesant

27

founder of pennyslvania and was a quaker

william penn

28

colony of pennysvilana

holy experiment

29

founded maryland gets land grant from king

george calvert

30

actually settles land in balitmore

Cecil Calvert

31

founded georgia, lays out savannah

James oglethorpe