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Flashcards in Ch.3 Deck (41):
1

Any wealth (goods) going to other countries came at the expense of the mother country

mercantilism

2

What was the role of the colonies in Mercantilism

Colonies: Served as a source of raw materials for Great Lumber, furs, fish, indigo, tobacco

3

How did the colonies avoid trading with the british

Colonists often sold their goods to other countries for a higher price

4

Navigation Acts

All colonial goods going to other countries had to be shipped in either colonial or english ship
all ships had to be operated by colonial or english crews
Colonies could export certain products ONLY to england
Almost all goods traded between the colonies and europe had to pass through and English Port

5

Why did British pass the navigation acts

They saw the colonists pursuit of foreign market as an economic threat. Mercantilism said: any wealth (goods) going to other counties came at the expense of the mother country

6

King James appointed him as governor of Massachusetts (DNE)

Sir Edmund Andros

7

Why did parliament remove king james and who replaced him

roman catholic
little regard to parliament
he fathered a son and england faced the possibility of continued rule by a catholic

invited william of orange and his wide Mary to england

8

England relaxed the enforcement of its regulations in return for the continued economic loyalty of the colonists

Salutary neglect

9

What is the administrative structure of a royal colony 3 elemnts

Governor- appointed by the king
ADVISORY COUNCIL- appointed by the governor
LOCAL ASSEMBLY- elected eligible colonists
the governors were paid by the local assemblies

10

how could colonial assemblies influence the governors action

they could influence the laws passed. The people the governor appointed as judges

11

these were the mainstay of southern economy what kind of crops

cash crops
Tobacco, rice, indigo

12

developed instead of towns
were self contained and located on rivers

Plantations

13

Role of the planter class

controlled the souths economy, politics, and social life

14

What were slaves to owners

Property

15

Why were africans seen as the best material for slavery in the south

difficult to impossible to enslave indians
indentured servants stopped coming to the colonies
a slave worked for life therefore a much better return on the investment
black africans were though to better endure the harsh physical demand of plantation work

16

How did slaves resist

faked illnesses
broke tools to slow down the work
staged work slowdowns
ran away

17

stono rebellion

south of charles town- group of 20 slaves killed several planter families and began to march south
inviting other slaves to join them on their march to spanish florida
surrounded by the white militia- several died and the rest were executed

18

What colonies made up the Dominion of New England

Maine, New Jersey, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode island

19

Why did King James create the Dominion of New England

He seemed to make the colonial governments more obedient. He got tired of losing money and smugglers

20

What was Triangular trade

trade between Africa, GB, and west indies

21

what was the middle passage

this was the voyage that brought Africans to the west indies and then into the colonies. The conditions were harsh and 20% of the slaves died during the passage

22

what is diversified economy

having many crops to sell

23

How was the economy of the north diversified

the northern colonies produced several crops instead of a single one like the southern colonies

24

Largest cities of the south and North

south- Charles Town
North- Boston, New York, Philly

25

Why did northerners have fewer reasons to have slaves

the crops they grow did not warrant the use of slaves

26

Why did northerners have fewer reasons to have slaves

the crops they grow did not warrant the use of slaves

27

What was the enlightenment

The use of reason and scientific method to obtain knowledge

28

A scientist during the enlightenment

Galileo

29

obtained the truth through experimentation and reasoning (science)

Ben Franklin

30

used reason to conclude that individuals have natural rights, that governments must respect

Thomas Jefferson

31

What was the great awakening

people began to grow away from the region
success in america
moving away from family
south to revive the intensity and commitment of the original Puritan vision

32

Church attendance was not enough fro salvation
people must acknowledge their sinfulness and feel gods love for them
sinners in the hands of an angry god

jonathan edwards

33

French and Indian war

1755 British general edward braddock launched an attack on fort duquesne
fought in the traditional european style and di not account for the enemy fighting behind trees and in forested areas
he and his 1500 men were ambushed
george washington rallied the troops
william pitt is appointed Prime Minister by King George II and changed things in the military

34

Helped rally the english troops during the french and indian war

George Washington

35

george washington built it 40 miles from fort duquense

fort necessity

36

Battle of Quebec

The british come at night and surround the french. The marquis de Montcalm vs General James Wolfe
the death of general james wolfe. The british win a short battle at quebec

37

commander of the British at the battle of quebec. He dies in the battle

General James Wolfe

38

commander of the British at the battle of quebec. He dies in the battle

General James Wolfe

39

Treaty of Paris 1763

Great Britain: all land east of the mississippi river and florida
Spain: all lands west of the Mississippi river, New orleans
France: islands around Newfoundland and in the west indies

40

Proclamation of 1763

No one is allowed over the proclamation line
avoid starting a war
government wants to award land to individuals and companies
if you are living west of the appalachain mountains, you have to move back

41

allowed british custom officials to search any ship or building looking for smuggled goods

writs of assistance