Ch.15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch.15 Deck (44):
1

Where had immigrants come from in Europe Pre 1890

Western and Northern Europe

2

Why did many jews immigrate to the United States after 1890

For religious persecution-Jews escape from Russian Pogroms

3

Some people came temporarily to earn money for their family and then return

"Birds of passage"

4

Describe the steerage section of the ship in which most immigrants travelled from Europe

Near engine room, often near cattle, usually windowless, very bad food, disease spread quickly

5

People from Europe usually landed where

Ellis island

6

People from Asia usually landed where

angel island

7

Proccess immigrants underwent before they were admitted to the country

inspection; inspector had 2 min 30 sec to ask questions

8

Favoritism towards native born americans

Nativism

9

Name 2 of these nativist groups

america protective
Ordaned star spangled banner

10

Why did nativist object to Catholic and Jewish immigrants

Thought roman catholics and jews would undermined the democratic traditions of the US

11

Banned the entry of all chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government

Chinese Exclusion Act

12

Who was the president that had a Gentleman's Agreement with Japan over a segregation action by the San Francisco Board of Education

Theodore Roosevelt

13

Growth of cities

urbanization

14

The process of taking on the traits of an immigrants new culture

assimilation

15

6 ways in which volunteers helped immigrants assimilate by what they taught

english, cooking, citizenship, American History, American Government, Social Etiquette

16

Mutli-Family urban dwellings, overcrowded and unsanitary, originally built without withdraws

Tenement

17

What two cities sustained great fires

Chicago
San Francsico

18

Preached salvation through service to the poor

Social Gospel

19

Community centers in slum neighborhoods

Settlement house

20

who worked settlement houses

settlement house workers did

21

Name of the settlement house established by Jane Addams and where was it located

Hull House-Chicago

22

what was the function of a political machine in large cities in the early 19th century

An organized group that controlled the activities of the political party in the city

23

Their job was to gain voters support on a city block or neighborhood

Precinct Worker and Captain

24

Their job was to help the poor and needy, gained their votes by doing them favors

Ward Boss

25

Their job was to control the political party thought the city

City Boss

26

Boss of new york

Roscoe Conkling

27

What good things did Roscoe Conkling do as the boss of a new York City

Build parks, sewer systems, water works, gave money to schools, hospitals, and orphanages

28

How did people commit voter fraud under the party bosses

The use of fake names so party faithful could vote several times

29

the illegal use of political influence for personal gain

Graft

30

Kickback

The machine could ask the worker to bill the city for more than the actual cost of materials and labor, then kick back a portion of that to the machine

31

What is patronage, who was the first president to formally use it, and what was the name of his program

giving government jobs to people who had to get a candidate elected.
Andrew Jackson
Spoils system, merit system

32

Opposed to changes in the spoils system

stalwart

33

why was president garfield assassinated

he gave most of his patronage to reforms making the stalwarts mad

34

who assassinated garfield and where

Charles Guiteau
Washington, D.C, train station

35

who succeeded garfeid and what was the civil service act that he supported

President Chester A Arthur, civil service commission

36

Election of 1884

Dem: Grover Cleveland(winner)
Rep: James G Blaine

37

Election of 1888

Dem: Grover Cleveland
Rep: Ben Harris (winner)

38

2 new forms of mass transit in the late 1800s

Street cars
electric subways

39

who was the principal author of The Gilded Age

Mark twain

40

what did the gilded age describe

His characters find that getting rich quick is more difficult than they thought

41

Why were city governments inefficient in the late 19th century

cities were receptive to a new power structure, the political machine, and new political, the city boss

42

What were two "perks" that were controlled by the city boss

access to municaple jobs
and business licenses

43

Who was the most notorious political boss in America history, where did he operated and what was his city

William M tweed
operated in Tammany Hall
New York City

44

Who was the political cartoonist that helped to bring down tweed

thomas nast