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Flashcards in Ch.4 Deck (35):

Required the colonists to purchase a special stamped paper for:
legal doc

stamp act


the tax was added to the item, not built into the item like gas. You see it

direct tax


Protestors to the Stamp Act make up a secret group

Sons of Liberty


one of the founders of sons of liberty. Harvard educated, deeply in debt-power political activist. Harassed customs house officials, stamp act governors prevented any stamps from being sold

Samuel Adams


adopted a resolution by 29 year old Patrick Henry. Virginians could only be taxed by the Virginia Assembly. First representative government in America

Virginia house of burgesses


he comes up with the wonderful idea the virginians could only be taxed by the virginia assembly

Patrick Henry


Virtual vs Actual Representation

the colonies were virtually representative by the British government


Stamp Act Congress

October 1775. delegated from nine colonies met in New York City
issued the declaration of rights and grievances
said parliament lacked the power to impose taxes on the colonists bc they were not represented in Parliament


What three cities did the non important agreements:

Boston, New York, and Philly


Merchants in Boston, New York, and Philly agreed not to import manufactured goods from GB until the stamp act was repealed

Nonimportant Agreements


Parliament has the full right to make laws "to bind the colonies and people of America.. in all cases whatsoever

Declaratory Act


Treasure in Great Britain

Charles Townshend


Indirect taxes. Placed on paper, paint, lead, glass, and tea

townshend acts


what was john hancocks boat called

the liberty


Boston Massacre

a fistfight broke out in the afternoon. that evening a mob of colonists gathered at the customs house in boston and taunted the guards on duty. Captain Thomas Preston brought out reserve troops from guardhouse. Someone fired a shot and the guards fire.. A total of five colonists died


orders more reserve troops from the guardhouse

Captain Thomas Preston


first man to die in the revolution

Crispus Attucks


Passed a series of acts after the Boston tea party. He was very upset

King George III


were originally set up in Massachusetts, but they spread throughout the colonies. They provided information on what was going on in all of the colonies at the time.

Committees of Correspondence


Intolerable Acts

passed by parliament. the colonists refused to pay for damaged tea. Called the COERCIVE ACTS set up by King george and Lord North. Shut down Boston Harbor. Suspended the assembly in New York. Royal officers would be tried in other colonies or england when accused of a crime


Quatering Act

British commanders were authorized to house soldiers in vacant private homes and other buildings. General Gage was appointed new governor of Massachusetts. Boston was other colonies or England when accused of a crime


First Continental Congress

In philly; 56 members
-defended the colonists right to run their affairs
-supported the protests in Boston
-colonists should fight back
-would reconvene in May, 1775


Discovered that the British were coming

Doctor Joseph Warren


Paul Revere, William Dawes, Samuel Prescott

warned british were coming


Battle of Lexington

the colonists get word that the British are coming. 70 minutemen line up on the Lexington green one early morning. There are over 700 British soldiers. A shot is fired and no one knows who fired it first. Four minutemen are killed and one British soldier injured. The colonists retreat and, the British March onward to Concord. The British raid the city and set any food they could find and steal weapons and gun powder. The minutemen see the British torching their city and think it will eventually be completely torched. They March to the north bridge to prevent them from doing that. Over 2,000 minutemen come together. They killed over 250 British as they retreated back to Boston. Only about 70 minutemen are killed. Colonists saw this as a huge moral victory.


the commander of the british army

General Thomas Gage


Battle of Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775 No one technically wins
Patriots- 452 deaths
British- 1,054 deaths
The Americans ran out of ammunition


Common Sense by Thomas Paine

A 50 page pamphlet.
Printed 500,000 copies. It was merely common sense for Americans to break completely with a government that could produce such a corrupt monarch as George III. He argued that independence was the American "destiny." Independence would give the Americans a chance to create a better society free from tyranny.


Declaration of Independence

1. For imposing taxes with our consent
2. For cutting off trade with all parts of the world
3. King George had sent British troops over to the colonies without the consent of their legislatures
4. King George shut down the Boston port and all other ports. He didn't allow the colonists to trade internationally


concept of natural rights: life, liberty, and property. governments derive their power from the consent of the governed. "all men are created equal"

John Locke


helped create the declaration of independence

Ben Franklin


was 33 when he wrote the declaratiion

thomas Jefferson


mercenary soldiers from germany



the british surrender at this battle

battle of yorktown


Peace of Paris of 1783

provisions- Benjamin Franklin, John Jay,
John Adams
Negotiations begin in 1782 Treaty of Paris- September, 1783
Great Britain recognized American Independence
Boundaries: Atlantic Ocean to Mississippi River
Canada to Florida (not including Florida)
British would evacuate their forts on American soil (no date set) Americans agreed that British creditors could collect debts
America said that Loyalists could sue in state courts to recover their loses.