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Flashcards in Ch.4 Deck (35):
1

Required the colonists to purchase a special stamped paper for:
legal doc
licesenses
newspapers
dice
etc

stamp act

2

the tax was added to the item, not built into the item like gas. You see it

direct tax

3

Protestors to the Stamp Act make up a secret group

Sons of Liberty

4

one of the founders of sons of liberty. Harvard educated, deeply in debt-power political activist. Harassed customs house officials, stamp act governors prevented any stamps from being sold

Samuel Adams

5

adopted a resolution by 29 year old Patrick Henry. Virginians could only be taxed by the Virginia Assembly. First representative government in America

Virginia house of burgesses

6

he comes up with the wonderful idea the virginians could only be taxed by the virginia assembly

Patrick Henry

7

Virtual vs Actual Representation

the colonies were virtually representative by the British government

8

Stamp Act Congress

October 1775. delegated from nine colonies met in New York City
issued the declaration of rights and grievances
said parliament lacked the power to impose taxes on the colonists bc they were not represented in Parliament

9

What three cities did the non important agreements:

Boston, New York, and Philly

10

Merchants in Boston, New York, and Philly agreed not to import manufactured goods from GB until the stamp act was repealed

Nonimportant Agreements

11

Parliament has the full right to make laws "to bind the colonies and people of America.. in all cases whatsoever

Declaratory Act

12

Treasure in Great Britain

Charles Townshend

13

Indirect taxes. Placed on paper, paint, lead, glass, and tea

townshend acts

14

what was john hancocks boat called

the liberty

15

Boston Massacre

a fistfight broke out in the afternoon. that evening a mob of colonists gathered at the customs house in boston and taunted the guards on duty. Captain Thomas Preston brought out reserve troops from guardhouse. Someone fired a shot and the guards fire.. A total of five colonists died

16

orders more reserve troops from the guardhouse

Captain Thomas Preston

17

first man to die in the revolution

Crispus Attucks

18

Passed a series of acts after the Boston tea party. He was very upset

King George III

19

were originally set up in Massachusetts, but they spread throughout the colonies. They provided information on what was going on in all of the colonies at the time.

Committees of Correspondence

20

Intolerable Acts

passed by parliament. the colonists refused to pay for damaged tea. Called the COERCIVE ACTS set up by King george and Lord North. Shut down Boston Harbor. Suspended the assembly in New York. Royal officers would be tried in other colonies or england when accused of a crime

21

Quatering Act

British commanders were authorized to house soldiers in vacant private homes and other buildings. General Gage was appointed new governor of Massachusetts. Boston was other colonies or England when accused of a crime

22

First Continental Congress

In philly; 56 members
-defended the colonists right to run their affairs
-supported the protests in Boston
-colonists should fight back
-would reconvene in May, 1775

23

Discovered that the British were coming

Doctor Joseph Warren

24

Paul Revere, William Dawes, Samuel Prescott

warned british were coming

25

Battle of Lexington

the colonists get word that the British are coming. 70 minutemen line up on the Lexington green one early morning. There are over 700 British soldiers. A shot is fired and no one knows who fired it first. Four minutemen are killed and one British soldier injured. The colonists retreat and, the British March onward to Concord. The British raid the city and set any food they could find and steal weapons and gun powder. The minutemen see the British torching their city and think it will eventually be completely torched. They March to the north bridge to prevent them from doing that. Over 2,000 minutemen come together. They killed over 250 British as they retreated back to Boston. Only about 70 minutemen are killed. Colonists saw this as a huge moral victory.

26

the commander of the british army

General Thomas Gage

27

Battle of Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775 No one technically wins
Patriots- 452 deaths
British- 1,054 deaths
The Americans ran out of ammunition

28

Common Sense by Thomas Paine

A 50 page pamphlet.
Printed 500,000 copies. It was merely common sense for Americans to break completely with a government that could produce such a corrupt monarch as George III. He argued that independence was the American "destiny." Independence would give the Americans a chance to create a better society free from tyranny.

29

Declaration of Independence

1. For imposing taxes with our consent
2. For cutting off trade with all parts of the world
3. King George had sent British troops over to the colonies without the consent of their legislatures
4. King George shut down the Boston port and all other ports. He didn't allow the colonists to trade internationally

30

concept of natural rights: life, liberty, and property. governments derive their power from the consent of the governed. "all men are created equal"

John Locke

31

helped create the declaration of independence

Ben Franklin

32

was 33 when he wrote the declaratiion

thomas Jefferson

33

mercenary soldiers from germany

hessians

34

the british surrender at this battle

battle of yorktown

35

Peace of Paris of 1783

provisions- Benjamin Franklin, John Jay,
John Adams
Negotiations begin in 1782 Treaty of Paris- September, 1783
Great Britain recognized American Independence
Boundaries: Atlantic Ocean to Mississippi River
Canada to Florida (not including Florida)
British would evacuate their forts on American soil (no date set) Americans agreed that British creditors could collect debts
America said that Loyalists could sue in state courts to recover their loses.