Ch.24-25 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch.24-25 Deck (65):
1

"man of steel" took over after Lenin died, wanted to create a communist state

Joseph Stalin

2

Five years plan

wanted to make the soviet union an industrial power, purged anyone who threatened his power, established a totalitarian state, individual has no rights

3

established the facsist party, LL duce "the leader"

Benito Mussolini

4

Fascism

stresses nationalism and puts the interest of the state in front of the individual

5

stated the national socialist german workers party after WWI- NAZI, Der Fuhrer "the leader"

Adolf Hitler

6

Mein Kampf

hitlers book, set forth his basic beliefs

7

Nicknames for Hitler

Hitlers private army, set forth his basic beliefs

8

Began the spanish civil war and revolted against the republic, with the help of hitler and mussolini he defeated lincoln

Francisco Franco

9

Outlawed arms sale or loans to belligerent nations

Neutrality acts of 1935

10

German troops marches into (Blank) unopposed, hitler announced that its Anschluss (blank) was complete

Austria and Anschluss

11

After invading czech hitler invited french premier and british prime minister, hitler promised sudentenland would be his last territorial demand

Munich Pact

12

Giving up principles to pacify an aggresor

appeasment

13

poland

hitlers next target, claimed german speaking population was being abused by the poles

14

hitler signed this with stalin in order to avoid a two front war

nonaggression pact

15

german airforce

luftwaffe

16

lightning war, used to invade poland

Blitzkrieg

17

defensive line built by the french to prevent german invasion

Maginot line

18

Dunkirk

German offensive trapped 400K britihs and french soldiers as they fled to the beaches of Dunkirk

19

French general who fled to England to set up a government in exile

Charles de Gaulle

20

Prime minister of great britain, made war plans with FDR

Winston Churchill

21

the systematic murder of 6 million jews across europe

Holocaust

22

Kristallnacht

Night of Broken Glass

23

Hatred of Jews

Anti-semitism

24

jews were stripped of their citizenship, jobs, and property

Nuremberg Laws

25

Jews were forced to wear this

Star of David

26

Allowed warring nations to buy arms from the US as long as they paid cash and transported them in their own ships

Cash-and-Carry Policy

27

FDR to the British, the president would lend or lease arms and other supplies to "any country whose defense was vital to the U.S."

Lend Lease act

28

America first peacetime draft

Selective training and service act

29

Election of 1940

FDr vs Wendell Willkie

30

Gap chief of staff, launched invasion into china

Hideki Tojo

31

Pearl Harbor

7:55 am sept 7, 1941

32

WAC

Womens army core

33

Fought inflation by freezing wages, prices, and rent

Office of price admin

34

Decided which companies would convert from peacetime to wartime production, allocated materials to companies to produce certain goods

War Production Board

35

Hitler ordered submarine raids against allied shipping in the atlantic in order to starve britain, allies organized ships into convoys, aircraft patrolled the skies spotting submarines

Battle of the Atlantic

36

Germans tried to wipe out this major industrial city, germ any controlled most of the city but winer hit, no relief for german troops, germans surrender

Battle of Stalingrad

37

Invasion of north africa by the allies, general erwin rommel conquered most of North africa, "desert fox"

Operation torch

38

"Ike", prepared operation overload, set up a fake army

Gen D Einsenhower

39

his Africa corps conquered most of North Africa

Gen Erwin rommel

40

they set up a fake army with fake radio transmissions, tanks, and troops across the English Channel from the French port of Calais

Operation overlord

41

D-Day date and meaning

June 6, 1944. Three divisions parachuted behind enemy liens after midnight, followed by the largest land and sear operation in army history

42

The five beachheads

Utah, omaha, gold, juno, sword

43

Election of 1944

Dewey (R), FDR (Dem)

44

Battle of the Bulge

at Bastogne

45

V-E Day date and meaning

victory in europe day, may 8, 1945

46

Death of FDR

had a stroke

47

Harry S. Truman

takes office

48

forced to leave, promised a return "I shall return"

Gen Douglas MacArthur

49

we were forced to surrender

Bataan Death March

50

Football player in Bataan death march

Mario Tonellie

51

led a raid on tokyo with 16 bomvers

Col Jimmy Doolittle

52

Battles of Coral sea and Midway

Five day air battle was the first time maps were stopped and turned back, turning point in war

53

The raising of the flag

iwo jima

54

raising of the flag

Mount Suribachi

55

manhattan project

dropping the bomb

56

hiroshima

august 6, 1945

57

enola gay

plane flown by paul gibbets

58

nagasaki

august 9, 1945

59

September 2, 1945

Jap surrendered upon the uss missourir

60

a temporary division of Germany in tow 4 zones: British, French, American, and soviet. 2. Stalin agreed to join the war against Japan

Yalta conference

61

stalin agreed to participate in a conference that would lead to the creation of the united nations

nuremberg laws

62

Paid for college and tech schools for troops, gave fed loans for buying homes, farms, or starting businesses

GI Bill of Rights

63

after pearl harbor there were rumors that jap americans were committing sabotage, jap were put in prison camps

Internment camps

64

Gap people born in the US of immigrant parents

Nisei

65

Korematsu vs United States

camps were justified on the basis of military necessity, lost the case, congress appropiated 38 mil for reimbursement, also gave 20K to all japs sent to a camp, korematsu was awarded the presidential medal of freedom