Flashcards in slavery and abolition Deck (21)
Why were over 100 anti-slavery societies advocating resettlement of blacks in Africa by the 1820s?
-Based on the belief that African Americans were an inferior race that could not coexist with white society.
Why did only 1,400 blacks emigrate to Africa between 1820-1830?
-Because most believed that America was truly their home
What is the term that is the call to outlaw slavery?
William Lloyd Garrison was the most radical white abolitionist. What was the name of his newspaper and what was his uncompromising message in 1831?
The Liberator: Immediate emancipation- the freeing of slaves, with no payment to slaveholders.
What were the names of the two anti-slavery societies?
- David Walker and Frederick Douglass
What did David Walker write in 1829?
- Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World
What did Walker call on slaves to do?
_-advised blacks to fight for freedom rather than to wait for slave owners to end slavery.
How did Frederick Douglas learn to read and write?
-By the wife of one of his owners.
Why was she ordered to stop teaching him to read?
-Because her husband said reading “would forever unfit him to be a slave”
How did Frederick Douglas escape slavery?
-He borrowed the identity of a free black sailor and carrying officials papers, he reached New York.
What did Douglas say that he stole from his master? Give the full quote.
- “I stole this head, these limbs, this body from my master and ran off with them”
Douglas broke with Garrison in 1847. What was the name of the newspaper that he started?
The North Star
What was the number of slaves in the United States by 1830?
-roughly 2 million
What was an overseer or slave driver?
-basically a person that told the slaves what to do by whipping them
By 1850 how many slaves lived in
Where did Nat Turner lead his slave rebellion?
-Southampton County, Virginia
What caused Turner to lead the rebellion?
- he believed that he had been chosen to lead his people out of bondage.
What happened during the rebellion?
- He had about 80 followers and they attacked four plantations and killed almost 60 white inhabitants.
List six (6) slave codes.
lost the right to own guns
assemble in public
testify in court
could not own property
could not learn to read or write
What is the meaning of the term antebellum?
-Belonging to the period before the Civil War