Ch.16 Flashcards Preview

US History > Ch.16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.16 Deck (43):
1

Architect, designed the ten-story Wainwright building in St. Louis

Louis Sullivan

2

designed the 285 foot tower, Flatiron Building

Daniel Burnham

3

Landscape Architect, spearheaded the movement for planned urban parks

Frederick law olmsted

4

How did changes in transportation affect cities and suburbs

enabled cities to annex suburban developments that mushroomed along the advancing transportation routes

5

designed brooklyn bridge

John Roebling

6

Why was there a need for city planning

Sought to restore a measure of serenity to the environment by designing recreational areas.

7

Orville and Wilbur Wright

bicycle manufacturers from Dayton, Ohio
Expirement with plan engines
built a glider

8

basic curriculum

reading, writing, arithmetic

9

Expanded curriculum

Science, civics, and social studies

10

why did catholics in major cities establish schools for their children

They were concerned because many public schools systems had mandatory readings from the (Protestant) king James Version of the bible. So they set up Parachial schools to give their children a catholic education

11

Parochial school

a school supported by a church parish

12

three universities for blacks

Howard, atlanta, fisk universities`

13

where did Booker T Washington graduate

Virginia's hampton institute

14

what school did booker found

Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute

15

What was booker t philosophy

Gather useful skills, work hard, and vote with the "Little Green Ballot:

16

Where did W.E.B Dubois earn a doctorate

Harvard

17

what was Dubois philosphy

insisted blacks should seek a liberal arts education so that the African American community would have well-educated leaders

18

What was the talented tenth

attempt to achieve immediate inclusion into mainstream American Life

19

segregration

the separation of people in the basis of race

20

Literacy tests

required registration officials to administer these

21

Poll Taxes

Blacks and sharecroppers were often too poor to pay the annual tax

22

Grandfather clauses

allowed whites who did not qualify on these 2 counts could vote:
-if their father or grandfather had been eligble to vote before Jan. 1, 1867 (prior to passage of the 15 amendment)

23

Jim Crow Laws

These were racial segregation laws that were passed by southern states to separate whites and blacks
-named after an old minstrel song that ended "Jump, Jim Crow"

24

Plessy vs Ferguson

A Creole man named Homer Plessy was riding in a train in the Whites only car
The conductor had him removed, arrested, and he was convicted in District Court in New Orleans
Crime: he had broken the Louisiana segregation law
Plessy sued under the 14th amendment: gives equal protection under the law
Ruling: Separate-But-Equal facilities for Blacks and Whites did not violate the Constitution
Doctrine: Separate but equal

25

2 examples of racial etiquette

never shook hands
blacks had to yield sidewalk to whites
black men had to remove their hats for whites

26

2 locations of coney island

Brooklyn seashore in NY
Cincy

27

Fountains Ferry Park

-Opened in the west end of Louisville in 1905 and lasted until 1965
-it was integrated in 1964 and racial unrest followed
-It was renamed twice and closed after several fires in 1975

28

2 new snacks

Hershey chocalte bar
Coca-cola

29

New popular sports

bicycling
tennis
boxing

30

Inventor of baseball

Alexander Cartwright

31

First paid team

Cincy red stockings

32

First world series

1903
Boston pilgrims vs pit pirates

33

Joseph Pulitzer

The NY world in 1883
- began the innovation of the sunday edition
-comics
-sports page
-womens news
- emphasized: sin, sex, and sensation" to readers

34

William Randolph Hearst

Bought the NY morning journal and the and fran examiner

35

how did hearst and pulitzer compete with each otther

- tried to out do pulitzer with exaggerated stories of scandal, cruelty, even an imaginary conquest of MArs

36

First department store

Marshall field of chicago

37

First chain stores

F.W Woolworth
King of the FIVE-AND-DIME

38

two catalogue houses

montgomery ward and sears roebuck

39

Ashcan School of Art

Thomas Eakins
Painted urban life with realism

40

Dime novels

became popular as thee country became more literate
-These were usually glorified adventure tales

41

Jack London

The call of the wild

42

Mark Twain

Huckleberry Finn

43

Edith Wharton

The age of innocence