Ch2-P27-31 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch2-P27-31 Deck (14):
1

theory?

An organised set of concepts that explains a phenomenon or set of phenomena

2

Determinism?

The doctrine that all events - physical, behavioural and mental - are determined by specific causal factors that are potentially knowable

3

Hypothesis?

A tentative and testable explanation of the relationship between two ( or more) events or variables; often stated as a prediction that a certain outcome will result from specific conditions.

4

Observer bias?

The distortion of evidence because of the personal motives and expectations of the viewer.

5

Standardisation:

A set of uniform procedures for treating each participant in a test, interview or experiment, or for recording data

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Operational definition?

A definition of a variable or conditions in terms of the specific operation or procedure use to determine its presence.

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Variable?

IN an experimental setting, a factor that varies in amount and kind.

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Indepedent variable?

in experiment a variable that the researcher manipulates with the expectation of it having an  impact on the value of the dependent variable.

9

Dependent variable?

in experiment, a variable that the researcher measures to assess the impact of a variation in an independent variable.

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experimental method?

A research methodology that involves the manipulation of independent variables in order to determine their effects on the dependent variables.

11

Confounding variable?

A stimulus other than the variable an experimenter explicitly introduces into a research setting that affects a participant's behaviour

12

Expectancy effects?

A result that occurs when a researcher or observer subtly communicates to participants the kind of behaviour he or she expects to find, thereby creating that expected reaction.

13

placebo effect

A change in behaviour in the absence of an experimental manipulation.

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