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Flashcards in Chp13-WholeChapter Deck (33):
1

Emotion?

A complex pattern of changes, including physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive processes and behavioural reactions, made in response to a situation perceived to be personally significant

2

James-Lange theory of emotion?

A peripheral feedback theory of emotion stating that an elicitiing stimulus triggers a behavioural response that sends different sensory and motor feeback to the brain and creates a specific emotion.

3

Cannon-Bard theory of emotion?

A theory stating that an emotional stimulus produces two co-occurring reactions - arousal and experience of emotion - that do not cause each other.

4

cognitive appraisal?

The cognitive interpretation and evaluation of a stressor.

5

cognitive appraisal theory of emotion?

The theory that emotion is the joint effect of physiological arousal and cognitive appraisal, which determines how an ambigious inner state of arousal will be labelled.

6

stress?

The pattern of specific and nonspecific responses an organism makes to stimulus events that disturb its equilibrium and tax or exceed its ability to cope.

7

stressor?

An internal or external event or stimulus that induces stress.

8

acute stress?

A transient state of arousal with typically clear onset and offset patterns.

 

9

chronic stress?

A continuous state of arousal in which an individual perceives demands as greater than the inner and outer resources available for dealing with them.

10

fight or flight response?

A sequence of internal activities triggered when an organism is faced with a threat; prepares the body for combat and struggle or for running away to safety.

11

tend or befriend response?

A response to stressors that is hypothesised to be typical for females.

12

general adaption syndrome (GAS) ?

The pattern of non specific adaptational physiological mechanisms that occurs in response to continuing threat by almost any serious stressor.

13

psychosomatic disorders?

Physical disorders aggravated by or primarily attributable to prolonged emotional stress or other psychological causes.

14

Life change unit (LCU) ?

In stress research, the measure of the stress level of a change experienced during a given period.

15

Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

An anxiety disorder characterised by the persistent re-experience of traumatic events through distressing recollections, dreams, hallucinations or dissociative flashbacks.

16

coping?

The process of dealing with internal or external demands that are perceived to be threatening or overwhelming.

17

stress moderator variables?

Variables that change the impact of a stressor on a given type of stress reaction.

 

18

anticipatory coping?

Efforts made in advance of a potentially stressful event to overcome, reduce or tolerate the imbalance between perceived demands and available resources.

19

perceived control?

The belief that one has the ability to make a difference in the course of the consequences of some event or experience; often helpful in dealing with stressors.

20

social support?

Resources, including material aid, socioemotional support and informational aid, provided by others to help a person cope with stress.

21

health psychology

Field of psychology devoted to understanding the ways people stay healthy, the reasons they become ill, and the ways they respond when they become ill.

22

health?

A general condition of soundness and vigour of body and mind; not simply the absence of illness or injury.

23

Biopsychosocial model?

A model of health and illness that suggests links among the nervous system, the immune system, behavioural styles, cognitive processing and environmental domains of health.

24

wellness?

Optimal health, incorporating the ability to function fully and actively over the physical, intellectual, emotional, spiritual, social and environmental domains of health.

25

health promotion?

The development and implementation of general strategies and specific tactics to eliminate or reduce the risk that people will become ill.

26

AIDS?

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, a syndrome caused by a virus that damages the immune system and weakens the body's ability to fight infection.

27

HIV?

Human Immunodefiency Virus, a virus that attacks white blood cells (T lymphocytes) in human blood, thereby weakening the function of the immune system; HIV causes AIDS

28

Relaxation response?

A condition in which muscle tension, cortical activity, heart rate, and blood pressure decrease and breathing slows.

29

Biofeedback?

A self regulatory technique by which an individual acquires voluntary control over nonconscious biological processes.

30

psychoneuroimmunology?

The research area that investigates interactions between psychological processes, such as responses to stress, and the functions of the immune system.

31

Type A behaviour pattern?

a complex pattern of behaviours and emotions that includes excessive emphasis on competition, aggression, impatience and hostility; hostility increases the risk of coronary heart disease.

32

Type B behaviour pattern?

As compared to Type A behaviour pattern, a less competitive, less aggressive, less hostile pattern of behaviour and emotion.

33

Job Burnout?

The syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and reduced personal accomplishment, often experienced by workers in high stress jobs.