Flashcards in Challenges at Home and Abroad 1902-15 Deck (83)
When was the Kiel Canal opened?
When were the German Navy Laws?
When/why did Russians increase presence in Manchuria?
1900 - Boxer rebellion
When was the Anglo-Japanese Alliance?
What did the Anglo-Japanese Alliance mean?
If either country was attacked by two or more powers, other would intervene. Japs accepted Britain in China and Pacific, Brits accepted Japs in Korea. Naval supremacy - bigger than any third power
When was the Russo-Japanese War?
1904 (Britain stayed out)
When was the Entente Cordiale?
What did the Entente Cordiale mean?
A friendly agreement - Brits accepted French in Morocco, French accepted defeat over Newfoundland fishing dispute and British interest in Sudan. NOT A DEFENSIVE ALLIANCE
What did Britain adopt to counter the German High Seas Fleet?
'Double power standard'
Who orchestrated the building of the first Dreadnaught?
Sir John Fisher
How many Dreadnoughts did Britain and Germany have by 1914?
Britain 29, Germany 17
What reforms did Haldane introduce in the army?
General Staff to improve efficiency and Officers' Training Corps to instil military values
When was the First Moroccan Crisis?
Why did the First Moroccan Crisis happen?
Wilhelm stepped in to support Moroccan independence in opposition to France
What happened at the 1906 Algeciras conference?
Britain, France, Russia, Italy and Spain supported French interest - only Germany and A-H against
When was the Anglo-Russian Entente?
What did the Anglo-Russian Entente mean?
Settled differences over Turkey, India and China. Now could focus British Expeditionary Force in Europe
When was the Second Moroccan Crisis?
What happened at the Second Moroccan Crisis?
Wilhelm sent a warship to Agadir; wanted compensation for Germans in Fez. Britain made it clear that they would support France in conflict.
When did A-H annex Bosnia?
Who pressed Russia to accept Austrian annexation of Serbia?
Which countries were in a loose 'Triple Entente'?
Russia, France and Britain - aimed to preserve peace
When were the Balkan Wars?
What happened in the first Balkan War?
Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria chased Turks out of Europe
Where were the consequences of the first Boer War agreed upon?
Conference of London - led by Grey
What happened in the second Balkan War?
Serbia and Bulgaria fell out over gains. Bulgaria lost, Austria anxious over Serbia. Agreement at London - eased tensions in Balkans
What did Arthur Nicholson (Head of Foreign Office) note in May 1914?
'Since I have been here, I have not seen such calm waters'
When was Franz Ferdinand assassinated?
28 June 1914
When did Britain declare war on Germany?
4th August 1914