Challenges at Home and Abroad 1902-15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Challenges at Home and Abroad 1902-15 Deck (83)
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1

When was the Kiel Canal opened?

1895

2

When were the German Navy Laws?

1899-1900

3

When/why did Russians increase presence in Manchuria?

1900 - Boxer rebellion

4

When was the Anglo-Japanese Alliance?

1902

5

What did the Anglo-Japanese Alliance mean?

If either country was attacked by two or more powers, other would intervene. Japs accepted Britain in China and Pacific, Brits accepted Japs in Korea. Naval supremacy - bigger than any third power

6

When was the Russo-Japanese War?

1904 (Britain stayed out)

7

When was the Entente Cordiale?

April 1904

8

What did the Entente Cordiale mean?

A friendly agreement - Brits accepted French in Morocco, French accepted defeat over Newfoundland fishing dispute and British interest in Sudan. NOT A DEFENSIVE ALLIANCE

9

What did Britain adopt to counter the German High Seas Fleet?

'Double power standard'

10

Who orchestrated the building of the first Dreadnaught?

Sir John Fisher

11

How many Dreadnoughts did Britain and Germany have by 1914?

Britain 29, Germany 17

12

What reforms did Haldane introduce in the army?

General Staff to improve efficiency and Officers' Training Corps to instil military values

13

When was the First Moroccan Crisis?

1905

14

Why did the First Moroccan Crisis happen?

Wilhelm stepped in to support Moroccan independence in opposition to France

15

What happened at the 1906 Algeciras conference?

Britain, France, Russia, Italy and Spain supported French interest - only Germany and A-H against

16

When was the Anglo-Russian Entente?

1907

17

What did the Anglo-Russian Entente mean?

Settled differences over Turkey, India and China. Now could focus British Expeditionary Force in Europe

18

When was the Second Moroccan Crisis?

1911

19

What happened at the Second Moroccan Crisis?

Wilhelm sent a warship to Agadir; wanted compensation for Germans in Fez. Britain made it clear that they would support France in conflict.

20

When did A-H annex Bosnia?

1908

21

Who pressed Russia to accept Austrian annexation of Serbia?

Germany

22

Which countries were in a loose 'Triple Entente'?

Russia, France and Britain - aimed to preserve peace

23

When were the Balkan Wars?

1912-13

24

What happened in the first Balkan War?

Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria chased Turks out of Europe

25

Where were the consequences of the first Boer War agreed upon?

Conference of London - led by Grey

26

What happened in the second Balkan War?

Serbia and Bulgaria fell out over gains. Bulgaria lost, Austria anxious over Serbia. Agreement at London - eased tensions in Balkans

27

What did Arthur Nicholson (Head of Foreign Office) note in May 1914?

'Since I have been here, I have not seen such calm waters'

28

When was Franz Ferdinand assassinated?

28 June 1914

29

When did Britain declare war on Germany?

4th August 1914

30

When did Salisbury retire from office?

1902