Gladstone 1880-85 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gladstone 1880-85 Deck (118)
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1

When did economic growth start to slow down?

1873 - like most European economies

2

How much did real wages fall 1873-79?

5%

3

What was unemployment in 1871-74?

1-2%

4

What was unemployment in 1878?

6-8%

5

What was unemployment in 1879?

11.4%

6

When did Gladstone criticise Disraeli's foreign/imperial policies?

During 1879 and 1880 Midlothian campaigns

7

What did Gladstone say about Beaconsfieldism?

Aggressive and expensive, not in British interest

8

What did Gladstone say about Disraeli's actions in South Africa and Afghanistan?

Called them pointless and barbaric

9

When did Northcote reduce income tax?

1874

10

Why did income tax have to be increased in 1880?

Due to increased expenditure, especially South Africa an Afghanistan

11

What did income tax increase to by 1880?

From 2d/£ (1874) to 5d/£ (1880)

12

By when had the Liberals overcome divisions?

1880

13

Who surprisingly supported Gladstone's attack on Beaconsfieldism?

Nonconformists, who had deserted in 1874

14

Why were trade unions now supporting the Liberals?

Ironically because they were now satisfied with the Conservative trade union laws

15

When was the Secret Ballot Act?

1872

16

When was the Corrupt Practices Act?

1883

17

What did the Corrupt Practices Act do?

Election expenses limited, election agents to produce accounts, clear definition of corrupt practices, fines/sentences for not complying

18

When was the Franchise Act?

1884

19

What did the Franchise Act do?

Gave the vote to all male householders over 21, £10 lodgers and those living in shops worth £10+

20

When was the Redistribution of Seats Act?

1885

21

What did the Redistribution of Seats Act do?

Boroughs under 15k lost both MPs, boroughs under 50k lost one MP, 142 seats redistributed

22

Why did Chamberlain want electoral reform?

Wanted to take over party with new radical leadership, believed reform would produce more liberal voters

23

Why did Gladstone want electoral reform?

Running into trouble over Ireland, attempted to win popularity

24

Who took credit for electoral reform?

Gladstone, Chamberlain didn't gain much

25

What was voting no longer tied to (3RA)?

property

26

What did the 3RA do to the franchise?

Uniform franchise in counties and boroughs

27

What did the 3RA do to the electorate?

Doubled from 3 to 6 million. 2/3 men could vote

28

Where did a lot of new voters come from (3RA)?

Rural areas

29

Where did Conservatives strengthen their support (3RA)?

Boroughs

30

What did new Irish voters do? (3RA)

Consolidated position of Parnell and Irish Nationalist Party