Flashcards in Gladstone 1880-85 Deck (118)
When did economic growth start to slow down?
1873 - like most European economies
How much did real wages fall 1873-79?
What was unemployment in 1871-74?
What was unemployment in 1878?
What was unemployment in 1879?
When did Gladstone criticise Disraeli's foreign/imperial policies?
During 1879 and 1880 Midlothian campaigns
What did Gladstone say about Beaconsfieldism?
Aggressive and expensive, not in British interest
What did Gladstone say about Disraeli's actions in South Africa and Afghanistan?
Called them pointless and barbaric
When did Northcote reduce income tax?
Why did income tax have to be increased in 1880?
Due to increased expenditure, especially South Africa an Afghanistan
What did income tax increase to by 1880?
From 2d/£ (1874) to 5d/£ (1880)
By when had the Liberals overcome divisions?
Who surprisingly supported Gladstone's attack on Beaconsfieldism?
Nonconformists, who had deserted in 1874
Why were trade unions now supporting the Liberals?
Ironically because they were now satisfied with the Conservative trade union laws
When was the Secret Ballot Act?
When was the Corrupt Practices Act?
What did the Corrupt Practices Act do?
Election expenses limited, election agents to produce accounts, clear definition of corrupt practices, fines/sentences for not complying
When was the Franchise Act?
What did the Franchise Act do?
Gave the vote to all male householders over 21, £10 lodgers and those living in shops worth £10+
When was the Redistribution of Seats Act?
What did the Redistribution of Seats Act do?
Boroughs under 15k lost both MPs, boroughs under 50k lost one MP, 142 seats redistributed
Why did Chamberlain want electoral reform?
Wanted to take over party with new radical leadership, believed reform would produce more liberal voters
Why did Gladstone want electoral reform?
Running into trouble over Ireland, attempted to win popularity
Who took credit for electoral reform?
Gladstone, Chamberlain didn't gain much
What was voting no longer tied to (3RA)?
What did the 3RA do to the franchise?
Uniform franchise in counties and boroughs
What did the 3RA do to the electorate?
Doubled from 3 to 6 million. 2/3 men could vote
Where did a lot of new voters come from (3RA)?
Where did Conservatives strengthen their support (3RA)?