Flashcards in Ireland Deck (73)
Why was Hicks Beach moved to the Cabinet?
Becoming too committed to education reform in Ireland
Who replaced Hicks Beach as Irish Chief Secretary in Feb 1878?
Why did Disraeli pay extra attention to Ireland post 1878?
Parnell became more involved, joined parliament in 1879
1879 summer poor harvests, Ireland adversely effected
When did Abercorn resign from Viceroyalty?
Who replaced Abercorn as Irish Viceroy?
When was the Intermediate Education Bill put forward and who by?
Hicks Beach and Malborough in 1878
Who founded the Land League?
Who was the Land League connected to?
Clan na Gael and IRB
What were the tactics of the Land League?
Peaceful demonstrations (mass meetings, withholding rent, campaign for 3Fs)
However violent in some places eg Connaught
When was the Bessborough Commission set up?
When was the Bessborough Commission due to report?
When was Forster's Coercion Act passed?
What did Forster's 1881 Coercion Act mean?
Any suspects could be imprisoned indefinitely (effectively suspended Habeas Corpus)
What held up the passage of the Coercion Act?
Filibustering, lasting 41 hours
When was the Land Act passed?
1881 - in tandem with the Coercion Act
What did Parnell say about the Land Act?
Saw it as his victory - encouraged further protest and more pressure. Told people to boycott new land courts and withhold rent
Who was arrested under the Coercion Act?
Parnell and his followers - sent to Kilmainham
When was the Kilmainham Treaty?
What did the Kilmainham Treaty mean?
In exchange for the end of Land War, Gladstone would clear rent arrears and release his political prisoners
When were Parnell and co released from Kilmainham gaol?
Who resigned over the Kilmainham Treaty?
What did Forster say about Gladstone's concessions?
Coercion should be used for the 'trouble makers'
When were the Phoenix Park Murders?
6 May 1882
What happened at Phoenix Park?
Cavendish (Irish Chief Sec) and Thomas Burke were murdered by group of 'Invincibles'
What did Gladstone introduce as a result of events at Phoenix Park?
Tougher Coercion Act (Prevention of Crimes Act)
What did the 1882 Arrears Act mean?
Arrears built up prior to Land War would be cleared
When did Butt start the Home Govt Association?
When was the Home Govt Association replaced with the Home Rule League?
How many Irish MPs were returned in the 1874 election?
59 (Home Rule platform)