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Flashcards in Ireland Deck (73)
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1

Why was Hicks Beach moved to the Cabinet?

Becoming too committed to education reform in Ireland

2

Who replaced Hicks Beach as Irish Chief Secretary in Feb 1878?

Lowther

3

Why did Disraeli pay extra attention to Ireland post 1878?

Parnell became more involved, joined parliament in 1879
1879 summer poor harvests, Ireland adversely effected

4

When did Abercorn resign from Viceroyalty?

1876

5

Who replaced Abercorn as Irish Viceroy?

Malborough

6

When was the Intermediate Education Bill put forward and who by?

Hicks Beach and Malborough in 1878

7

Who founded the Land League?

Michael Davitt

8

Who was the Land League connected to?

Clan na Gael and IRB

9

What were the tactics of the Land League?

Peaceful demonstrations (mass meetings, withholding rent, campaign for 3Fs)
However violent in some places eg Connaught

10

When was the Bessborough Commission set up?

June 1880

11

When was the Bessborough Commission due to report?

1881

12

When was Forster's Coercion Act passed?

1881

13

What did Forster's 1881 Coercion Act mean?

Any suspects could be imprisoned indefinitely (effectively suspended Habeas Corpus)

14

What held up the passage of the Coercion Act?

Filibustering, lasting 41 hours

15

When was the Land Act passed?

1881 - in tandem with the Coercion Act

16

What did Parnell say about the Land Act?

Saw it as his victory - encouraged further protest and more pressure. Told people to boycott new land courts and withhold rent

17

Who was arrested under the Coercion Act?

Parnell and his followers - sent to Kilmainham

18

When was the Kilmainham Treaty?

1882

19

What did the Kilmainham Treaty mean?

In exchange for the end of Land War, Gladstone would clear rent arrears and release his political prisoners

20

When were Parnell and co released from Kilmainham gaol?

May 1882

21

Who resigned over the Kilmainham Treaty?

Forster

22

What did Forster say about Gladstone's concessions?

Coercion should be used for the 'trouble makers'

23

When were the Phoenix Park Murders?

6 May 1882

24

What happened at Phoenix Park?

Cavendish (Irish Chief Sec) and Thomas Burke were murdered by group of 'Invincibles'

25

What did Gladstone introduce as a result of events at Phoenix Park?

Tougher Coercion Act (Prevention of Crimes Act)

26

What did the 1882 Arrears Act mean?

Arrears built up prior to Land War would be cleared

27

When did Butt start the Home Govt Association?

May 1870

28

When was the Home Govt Association replaced with the Home Rule League?

1874

29

How many Irish MPs were returned in the 1874 election?

59 (Home Rule platform)

30

How did the 1872 Ballot Act influence Irish voters?

Could freely vote without intimidation