Ireland 1880-1903 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ireland 1880-1903 Deck (92)
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1

Which organisations did the Land League work with?

Clan Na Gael and IRB

2

What did the Irish Land League base their programme on?

3Fs

3

When did Parnell become leader of the Home Rule Party in parliament?

1880

4

When was the Bessborough Commission set up?

April 1880

5

What was the Bessborough Commission?

Commission to investigate 1870 Land Act, due to report in 1881

6

Why did Gladstone say there was non-payment of rent?

Due to some degree of 'distress' but mainly Land League 'conspiracy'

7

When was there a 41 hour discussion over the Coercion Bill?

2nd Feb 1881

8

When was the Coercion Act passed?

1881

9

What was the Coercion Act in effect?

A suspension of Habeas Corpus

10

What did the Land Act of 1881 work alongside?

1881 Coercion Act

11

What did the 1881 Land Act introduce?

3Fs: Fair rent, fixity of tenure, freedom of sale

12

What was the land purchase scheme involved in the 1881 Land Act?

Govt would issue grants of up to 3/4 of the price of property to help Irish buyers

13

How did the Land Act impact rent prices in Ireland?

Decreased by 20% in a few years

14

Why was there unrest in Ireland?

Agricultural depression being felt until the late 1870s. Wet summers 1877-79 along with new imported corn left cheap prices and low yield for t Irish farmers

15

When were Irish leaders arrested under the Coercion Act?

October 1881

16

What did Parnell say in his manifesto from Kilmainham?

Tenants should withhold rent

17

When was the Kilmainham Treaty agreed?

April 1882

18

Who was the mediator between Gladstone and Parnell over the Kilmainham Treaty?

Captain O'Shea

19

What did the Kilmainham Treaty mean?

Govt agreed to clear rent arrears Parnell's promise that Land War would end

20

What did Parnell say about Gladstone's philosophy on nationality?

That he was 'the champion of rights of every other nation except Ireland"

21

When was Parnell released from Kilmainham?

May 1882

22

Who did the 'Invincibles' murder at Phoenix Park?

Sir Frederick Cavdendish and THomas Burke

23

What was passed as a result of the Phoenix Park murders?

Tougher Coercion Act, Prevention of Crimes Act 1882

24

When was the Arrears Act?

1882

25

What did the Arrears Act do?

Effectively cleared rent arrears built up during the Land War

26

How many sittings in parliament did the 1881 Land Act take to pass?

58

27

Who did Gladstone call on to help pass the Land Act in 1881?

The Queen

28

What did the Irish Land Courts mean for ordinary people?

Helped them achieve ownership of the land they farmed, rents fixed for 15 years and rent lower by 20%

29

When did Butt form the Home Govt Association?

May 1870

30

When did Butt replace the Home Govt Ass. with the Home Rule League?

1874