Disraeli 1874-1880 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Disraeli 1874-1880 Deck (110)
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1

When was the Factories and Workshops Act?

1878

2

What did the Factories and Workshops Act mean?

Institutions would be under regular government inspection

3

When was the Artisans Dwellings Act?

1875

4

What did the Artisans Dwellings Act mean?

Local authorities could purchase and demolish slums to replace them with planned houses - financed by government

5

How many local authorities implemented the Artisans Dwellings Act?

10 of 87 (most notably Chamberlain in Birmingham)

6

When was the Public Health Act?

1875

7

What did the Public Health Act mean?

Contaminated food need be destroyed, infections noted and nuisances removed

8

When was the Sale of Food and Drugs Act?

1875

9

What did the Rivers Pollution Act do?

Made it illegal to dump waste into waterwas

10

When was the Enclosure Act?

1876

11

What did the Enclosure Act do?

Protected public right to use common land - restricted ability of landowners to take it. Saved Epping Forest.

12

Why was trade union reform introduced?

Opposition to Criminal Law Amendment Act

13

When was the Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act introduced?

1875

14

When was the Employers and Workmen Act introduced?

1875

15

What did the Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act do?

Repealed the Criminal Law Amendment Act

16

What did the Employers and Workmen Act do?

Made breach of a contract only punishable by civil penalties

17

When was Lord Sandon's Education Act passed?

1876

18

What did Sandon's Education Act do?

Made attendance compulsory, allowed committees to pay fees (permissive), children couldn't work without education certificate

19

Why was there economic reform by Disraeli?

Very high debt, Regal Commission results, pressure groups (eg. Samuel Plimsoll), insurance fraud by over-loading ships

20

When did Northcote implement his reforms?

1874

21

What did Northcote do?

Reduced income tax, abolished sugar duties, extended grants for police and asylums

22

When was the Sinbig fund set up?

1875

23

Why was the Sinbig Fund established?

To reduce debt

24

When was the Friendly Societies Act introduced?

1875

25

What did the Friendly Societies Act do?

Attempted to establish registration of societies to improve stabilities

26

When was the Merchant Shipping Act?

1876

27

What did the Merchant Shipping Act do?

Introduced permissive 'Plimsoll line' on ships

28

When was the Unseaworthy Ships Act?

1875

29

When was the Agricultural Holdings Act?

1875

30

What did the Agricultural Holdings Act do?

Gave displaced tenants compensation for improvements on their land