Flashcards in Disraeli 1874-1880 Deck (110)
When was the Factories and Workshops Act?
What did the Factories and Workshops Act mean?
Institutions would be under regular government inspection
When was the Artisans Dwellings Act?
What did the Artisans Dwellings Act mean?
Local authorities could purchase and demolish slums to replace them with planned houses - financed by government
How many local authorities implemented the Artisans Dwellings Act?
10 of 87 (most notably Chamberlain in Birmingham)
When was the Public Health Act?
What did the Public Health Act mean?
Contaminated food need be destroyed, infections noted and nuisances removed
When was the Sale of Food and Drugs Act?
What did the Rivers Pollution Act do?
Made it illegal to dump waste into waterwas
When was the Enclosure Act?
What did the Enclosure Act do?
Protected public right to use common land - restricted ability of landowners to take it. Saved Epping Forest.
Why was trade union reform introduced?
Opposition to Criminal Law Amendment Act
When was the Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act introduced?
When was the Employers and Workmen Act introduced?
What did the Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act do?
Repealed the Criminal Law Amendment Act
What did the Employers and Workmen Act do?
Made breach of a contract only punishable by civil penalties
When was Lord Sandon's Education Act passed?
What did Sandon's Education Act do?
Made attendance compulsory, allowed committees to pay fees (permissive), children couldn't work without education certificate
Why was there economic reform by Disraeli?
Very high debt, Regal Commission results, pressure groups (eg. Samuel Plimsoll), insurance fraud by over-loading ships
When did Northcote implement his reforms?
What did Northcote do?
Reduced income tax, abolished sugar duties, extended grants for police and asylums
When was the Sinbig fund set up?
Why was the Sinbig Fund established?
To reduce debt
When was the Friendly Societies Act introduced?
What did the Friendly Societies Act do?
Attempted to establish registration of societies to improve stabilities
When was the Merchant Shipping Act?
What did the Merchant Shipping Act do?
Introduced permissive 'Plimsoll line' on ships
When was the Unseaworthy Ships Act?
When was the Agricultural Holdings Act?