Flashcards in Liberals 1906-1915 Deck (47)
How were the Conservatives divided on trade by 1906?
106 tariff reformers, 16 free traders, rest protectionists
How did Balfour and Lansdowne use Lords against Liberals?
To vote against all their legislation
How did Conservative focus change after Balfour resigned?
Switched to Home Rule again under Bonar Law
How many seats did the Conservatives win in the Jan 1906 election?
Who were the New Liberals?
Younger Liberals - began to move away from Gladstonian laissez faire (eg George and Churchill)
When was the Provision of Meals (Education) Act?
When was the Children's Act?
When was the Old Age Pensions Act?
What did the 1906 Education Act mean?
Children to receive free school meals - unenforced until 1914
What did the 1908 Children's Act mean?
Measures to protect and decriminalise children: juvenile courts for young offenders, focus on rehabilitation, children under 14 banned from public houses, under 16 not able to buy cigarettes
What did the 1908 Old Age Pensions Act mean?
5 shilling/week pension from 70+ y/o on less than £21/year. 500k received £6.5mil by 1914. However, often not enough to bring out of poverty, certain groups excluded
When was the Workmen's Compensation Act?
What did the 1906 Employers and Workmen Act ensure?
Workers to be paid for accidents at work - increased safety measures followed
When was the National Insurance Act? (Both parts)
What did the first part of the 1911 National Insurance Act do?
Gave payment of 50p for 25 weeks and 25p after for illness. Single £1.50 maternity benefit. '9d for 4d' for employee if ill
What did the 1911 National Insurance Act (Part 2) do?
Looked to tackle seasonal unemployment: 35p/week unemployment benefit for 15 weeks (as long as had paid into the scheme) - some say too small but a safety net
When was the Unemployed Workmen's Act?
What did the Unemployed Workmen's Act do?
Looked to help unemployed skilled workers - instead abused by under/casually unemployed
When were the Labour Exchanges set up?
What did the 1909 Labour Exchanges do?
Increased mobility of labour - 83 exchanges 1910, 430 by 1914. 2mil registered, 3k jobs/day. TUs suspicious, though it meant lower wages. 75% of registered didn't find a job.
When was the Trades Disputes Act?
What did the 1906 Trades Disputes Act mean?
Reversed Taff Vale Judgement (1901) - made picketing legal and secured TU legal position
When was the Mines Act?
What did the 1908 Mines Act do?
Introduced max. 8 hour days
When was the Trade Boards Act?
What did the 1909 Trade Boards Act do?
Introduced min wage for 200k (eg box makers, tailors, lace makers) - significant move away from laissez faire, but wages controlled by stakeholders
When was the Shops Act?
What did the 1911 Shops Act do?
Granted half-day holiday to shop assistants, washing facilities to be provided in every shop - yet limited as didn't control working hours
When was the Trade Union Act?