Liberals 1906-1915 Flashcards Preview

Britain 1865-1915 > Liberals 1906-1915 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Liberals 1906-1915 Deck (47)
Loading flashcards...
1

How were the Conservatives divided on trade by 1906?

106 tariff reformers, 16 free traders, rest protectionists

2

How did Balfour and Lansdowne use Lords against Liberals?

To vote against all their legislation

3

How did Conservative focus change after Balfour resigned?

Switched to Home Rule again under Bonar Law

4

How many seats did the Conservatives win in the Jan 1906 election?

157

5

Who were the New Liberals?

Younger Liberals - began to move away from Gladstonian laissez faire (eg George and Churchill)

6

When was the Provision of Meals (Education) Act?

1906

7

When was the Children's Act?

1908

8

When was the Old Age Pensions Act?

1908

9

What did the 1906 Education Act mean?

Children to receive free school meals - unenforced until 1914

10

What did the 1908 Children's Act mean?

Measures to protect and decriminalise children: juvenile courts for young offenders, focus on rehabilitation, children under 14 banned from public houses, under 16 not able to buy cigarettes

11

What did the 1908 Old Age Pensions Act mean?

5 shilling/week pension from 70+ y/o on less than £21/year. 500k received £6.5mil by 1914. However, often not enough to bring out of poverty, certain groups excluded

12

When was the Workmen's Compensation Act?

1906

13

What did the 1906 Employers and Workmen Act ensure?

Workers to be paid for accidents at work - increased safety measures followed

14

When was the National Insurance Act? (Both parts)

1911

15

What did the first part of the 1911 National Insurance Act do?

Gave payment of 50p for 25 weeks and 25p after for illness. Single £1.50 maternity benefit. '9d for 4d' for employee if ill

16

What did the 1911 National Insurance Act (Part 2) do?

Looked to tackle seasonal unemployment: 35p/week unemployment benefit for 15 weeks (as long as had paid into the scheme) - some say too small but a safety net

17

When was the Unemployed Workmen's Act?

1905

18

What did the Unemployed Workmen's Act do?

Looked to help unemployed skilled workers - instead abused by under/casually unemployed

19

When were the Labour Exchanges set up?

1909

20

What did the 1909 Labour Exchanges do?

Increased mobility of labour - 83 exchanges 1910, 430 by 1914. 2mil registered, 3k jobs/day. TUs suspicious, though it meant lower wages. 75% of registered didn't find a job.

21

When was the Trades Disputes Act?

1906

22

What did the 1906 Trades Disputes Act mean?

Reversed Taff Vale Judgement (1901) - made picketing legal and secured TU legal position

23

When was the Mines Act?

1908

24

What did the 1908 Mines Act do?

Introduced max. 8 hour days

25

When was the Trade Boards Act?

1909

26

What did the 1909 Trade Boards Act do?

Introduced min wage for 200k (eg box makers, tailors, lace makers) - significant move away from laissez faire, but wages controlled by stakeholders

27

When was the Shops Act?

1911

28

What did the 1911 Shops Act do?

Granted half-day holiday to shop assistants, washing facilities to be provided in every shop - yet limited as didn't control working hours

29

When was the Trade Union Act?

1913

30

What did the 1913 Trade Union Act do?

Reversed Osbourne Judgement - allowed 'special' political fund to finance support, members could opt out of payment