Conservative Dominance and Rise of Labour 1885-1905 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Conservative Dominance and Rise of Labour 1885-1905 Deck (109)
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1

What did the 1888 Local Govt Act mean?

Created county councils

2

When was the Housing of the Working Class Act passed?

1890

3

What did the Housing of the Working Class Act mean?

Councils allowed to replaced unsuitable dwellings with councilbuilt ones

4

When was the Factory Act passed?

1890

5

What did the 1890 Factory Act do?

Forbade under 11s working and set a max 12 hour day for women

6

When was the Allotment and Smallholdings Act passed?

1892

7

What did the Allotment and Smallholdings Act do?

Attempted to set up labourers with own land - ultimately failed

8

What did the 1892-95 Royal Commission say?

Nearly 50% of labouring class earned less than 75p/week - 'survivable rate' was £1.25/week

9

How many seats did the Conservatives win in the 1895 election?

341 (with support from 70 Liberal Unionists - Liberals: 177, Irish: 82)

10

How and when were Conservative-Liberal Unionist relations formalised?

By 1895, with Chamberlain in the Cabinet

11

How much was the 1886 electorate increased by the 1884 Franchise Act?

Up 3 million (total 6 million)

12

How many Conservatives were returned to London 1865 vs 1900?

1865: 0/75
1900: 67/75

13

What was 'Villa Toryism'?

Middle class support for Conservatives - disillusioned with radical causes of the Liberals

14

What did Salisbury push for as a price for the Liberal Franchise Act?

Redistribution of Seats Act (1885)

15

How did the Redistribution Act favour the Conservatives by 1900 election?

Conservatives won 51% of votes and held 402 seats; Liberals won 47% of votes and held just 184 seats

16

Who were plural voters and who did they help?

University graduates, managers, teachers etc (~7% of total vote) - voting for Conservatives

17

Which towns were attracted to Conservative defence policy?

Those with a large military presence - Portsmouth and Aldershot

18

Why did 'drinking masses' support the Conservatives?

Opposed Liberal drinking reform

19

Which Conservative associations attracted voters?

Primrose League and Conservative Men's Clubs

20

When was Captain Middleton appointed Principle Party Agent?

1884

21

How did Cpt. Middleton improve the Conservatives?

Advised timing of elections, promoted Primrose League, revamped the National Union, reorganised agents in regions (London had 30 Cons. agents vs 3 Liberals)

22

What did the Mines Regulation Act 1892 do?

Extended regulation of coalmining

23

When was the Education Act passed?

1891

24

What did the 1891 Education Act do?

Abolished school fees (mainly due to Chamberlain)

25

What did the Agricultural Ratings Act and Diseases of Animals Act do?

Helped farmers and boosted agriculture

26

When did the Boer War start/finish?

October 1899-May 1902

27

How did the Boer War help the Conservatives?

Salisbury decided on the 1900 Khaki Election - landslide victory

28

Which religious group helped Conservatives?

Non-Conformists

29

How many members did the Primrose League have by 1900?

500k

30

Why was Gladstone's resignation a problem?

Liberals had no clear leadership by 1900 - Rosebery was a compromise (weak bills made Liberals seem weak), Harcourt argued poorly on the Boer War; succeeded by Campbell-Bannerman