Gladstone 1868-74 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gladstone 1868-74 Deck (71)
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1

When was the Irish Church Act passed?


1869

2

What did the Disestablishment of the Church Act mean?

Anglican Church would no longer be state church, commencing 1st Jan 1871

3

£16 million of Irish Church property was compensated with what?

£5 million plus £9 Poor Law Board (as relief)

4

When was the Land Act passed?

1870

5

What did the Land act do?

Aimed to give compensation for evicted tennants

6

What did the Irish University Bill of 1873 propose?

Separation University of Dublin from Trinity

7

Who opposed the Irish Church Act?

Irish Anglicans and Conservatives

8

Why did Gladstone's Acts anger Irish landowners?

Challenged their property rights

9

What happened with regard to the Irish Universities Bill?


Gladstone defeated by 3 votes and offered to resign but Disraeli refused to form a ministry

10

When was the National Education League formed?

1869, set up by Joseph Chamberlain

11

When was the University Tests Act?

1871

12

What did the University Tests Act mean?

Restrictions on non-Anglicans removed: they could now get scholarships and fellowships, could also become teachers

13

What did the 1868 Public Schools Act do?


Revised governing bodies of Clarendon Schools

14

When was the Elementary Education Act?


1870

15

What did the Elementary Education Act do?


Created dual system, caught Britain up with Prussia and USA

16

What did the NEL do in response to the 1870 Education Act not meeting their demands?

Ran candidates against the Liberals in the 1874 election

17

When was the Crimean War?

1854-56

18

What did the 1870 War Office Act do?

Split the war office into: commander in chief, general secretary and financial secretary

19

When was the Army Regulation Act?

1871

20

What did the Army Regulation act do?

Increased army from 200k to 487k as well as dividing the country into military regions

21

How was the abolition of purchase of commission introduced in 1871?

By Royal Warrant

22

When were Home Office positions to be open to competition?

June 1870 (examinations)

23

Who pressured for licensing reform?

UK Alliance and the Band of Hope Union

24

What did the 1872 Licensing Act do?


Fixed opening hours of institutions and checked for adulteration of beer

25

Who did the 1872 Licensing Act upset?

Liberals said it was too lenient
Angered brewing interest and 'drinking masses'

26

What did the 1872 Ballot Act do?

Allowed secret vote

27

What did the 1871 Trade Union Act do?

Gave TUs legal protection

28

What did the 1871 Criminal Law Amendment Act do?

Aimed to prevent strikes, made intimidation illegal

29

What was the Gas Strokers' Case?

December 1872 - declared that unionists could be charged with intimidation

30

What did the 1873 Supreme Court of Judicature Act do?

Established Supreme Court, split into High Court and Court of Appeal