Flashcards in Gladstone 1868-74 Deck (71)
When was the Irish Church Act passed?
What did the Disestablishment of the Church Act mean?
Anglican Church would no longer be state church, commencing 1st Jan 1871
£16 million of Irish Church property was compensated with what?
£5 million plus £9 Poor Law Board (as relief)
When was the Land Act passed?
What did the Land act do?
Aimed to give compensation for evicted tennants
What did the Irish University Bill of 1873 propose?
Separation University of Dublin from Trinity
Who opposed the Irish Church Act?
Irish Anglicans and Conservatives
Why did Gladstone's Acts anger Irish landowners?
Challenged their property rights
What happened with regard to the Irish Universities Bill?
Gladstone defeated by 3 votes and offered to resign but Disraeli refused to form a ministry
When was the National Education League formed?
1869, set up by Joseph Chamberlain
When was the University Tests Act?
What did the University Tests Act mean?
Restrictions on non-Anglicans removed: they could now get scholarships and fellowships, could also become teachers
What did the 1868 Public Schools Act do?
Revised governing bodies of Clarendon Schools
When was the Elementary Education Act?
What did the Elementary Education Act do?
Created dual system, caught Britain up with Prussia and USA
What did the NEL do in response to the 1870 Education Act not meeting their demands?
Ran candidates against the Liberals in the 1874 election
When was the Crimean War?
What did the 1870 War Office Act do?
Split the war office into: commander in chief, general secretary and financial secretary
When was the Army Regulation Act?
What did the Army Regulation act do?
Increased army from 200k to 487k as well as dividing the country into military regions
How was the abolition of purchase of commission introduced in 1871?
By Royal Warrant
When were Home Office positions to be open to competition?
June 1870 (examinations)
Who pressured for licensing reform?
UK Alliance and the Band of Hope Union
What did the 1872 Licensing Act do?
Fixed opening hours of institutions and checked for adulteration of beer
Who did the 1872 Licensing Act upset?
Liberals said it was too lenient
Angered brewing interest and 'drinking masses'
What did the 1872 Ballot Act do?
Allowed secret vote
What did the 1871 Trade Union Act do?
Gave TUs legal protection
What did the 1871 Criminal Law Amendment Act do?
Aimed to prevent strikes, made intimidation illegal
What was the Gas Strokers' Case?
December 1872 - declared that unionists could be charged with intimidation