Chapter 07: Deviance, Crime and Social Control Flashcards Preview

College Sociology > Chapter 07: Deviance, Crime and Social Control > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 07: Deviance, Crime and Social Control Deck (31):
1

control theory

theory that states social control is directly affected by the strength of social bonds and that deviance results from a feeling of disconnection from society

2

corporate crime

crime committed by white-collar workers in a business environment

3

corrections system

the system tasked with supervising individuals who have been arrested for,
convicted of, or sentenced for criminal offenses

4

court

a system that has the authority to make decisions based on law

5

crime

a behavior that violates official law and is punishable through formal sanctions

6

criminal justice system

an organization that exists to enforce a legal code

7

cultural deviance theory

theory that suggests conformity to the prevailing cultural norms of lower-class society causes crime

8

deviance

a violation of contextual, cultural, or social norms

9

differential association theory

theory that states individuals learn deviant behavior from those close to them who provide models of and opportunities for deviance

10

formal sanctions

sanctions that are officially recognized and enforced

11

hate crimes

attacks based on a person’s race, religion, or other characteristics

12

informal sanctions

sanctions that occur in face-to-face interactions

13

labeling theory

the ascribing of a deviant behavior to another person by members of society

14

legal codes

codes that maintain formal social control through laws

15

master status

a label that describes the chief characteristic of an individual

16

negative sanctions

punishments for violating norms

17

nonviolent crimes

crimes that involve the destruction or theft of property, but do not use force or the threat of force

18

police

a civil force in charge of regulating laws and public order at a federal, state, or community level

19

positive sanctions

rewards given for conforming to norms

20

power elite

a small group of wealthy and influential people at the top of society who hold the power and resources

21

primary deviance

a violation of norms that does not result in any long-term effects on the individual’s self-image or interactions with others

22

sanctions

the means of enforcing rules

23

secondary deviance

occurs when a person’s self-concept and behavior begin to change after his or her actions are labeled as deviant by members of society

24

self-report study

collection of data acquired using voluntary response methods, such as questionnaires or telephone interviews

25

social control

the regulation and enforcement of norms

26

social disorganization theory

theory that asserts crime occurs in communities with weak social ties and the absence of social control

27

social order

an arrangement of practices and behaviors on which society’s members base their daily lives

28

strain theory

theory that addresses the relationship between having socially acceptable goals and having socially acceptable means to reach those goals

29

street crime

crime committed by average people against other people or organizations, usually in public spaces

30

victimless crime

activities against the law, but that do not result in injury to any individual other than the person who engages in them

31

violent crimes

crimes based on the use of force or the threat of force