Chapter 11: Race and Ethnicity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Race and Ethnicity Deck (21):
1

amalgamation

the process by which a minority group and a majority group combine to form a new group

2

assimilation

the process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture

3

culture of prejudice

the theory that prejudice is embedded in our culture

4

discrimination

prejudiced action against a group of people

5

dominant group

a group of people who have more power in a society than any of the subordinate groups

6

ethnicity

shared culture, which may include heritage, language, religion, and more

7

expulsion

when a dominant group forces a subordinate group to leave a certain area or even the country

8

genocide

the deliberate annihilation of a targeted (usually subordinate) group

9

intersection theory

theory that suggests we cannot separate the effects of race, class, gender, sexual orientation, and other attributes

10

minority group

any group of people who are singled out from the others for differential and unequal treatment

11

model minority

the stereotype applied to a minority group that is seen as reaching higher educational, professional, and socioeconomic levels without protest against the majority establishment

12

pluralism

represented by the ideal of the United States as a “salad bowl:” a mixture of different cultures where each culture retains its own identity and yet adds to the “flavor” of the whole

13

prejudice

biased thought based on flawed assumptions about a group of people

14

racial steering

when real estate agents direct prospective homeowners toward or away from certain neighborhoods based on their race

15

racism

a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that are used to justify the belief that one racial category is somehow superior or inferior to others

16

scapegoat theory

suggests that the dominant group will displace its unfocused aggression onto a subordinate group

17

segregation

the physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions

18

social construction of race

the school of thought that race is not biologically identifiable

19

stereotypes

oversimplified ideas about groups of people

20

subordinate group

a group of people who have less power than the dominant group

21

white privilege

the benefits people receive simply by being part of the dominant group