Chapter 13: Aging and the Elderly Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13: Aging and the Elderly Deck (29):
1

activity theory

theory which suggests that for individuals to enjoy old age and feel satisfied, they must maintain activities and find a replacement for the statuses and associated roles they have left behind as they aged

2

age stratification theory

theory which states that members of society are stratified by age, just as they are stratified by race, class, and gender

3

ageism

discrimination based on age

4

baby boomers

Americans born between approximately 1946 and 1964

5

centenarians

people 100 years old or older

6

cohort

a group of people who share a statistical or demographic trait

7

continuity theory

theory which states that the elderly make specific choices to maintain consistency in internal (personality structure, beliefs) and external structures (relationships), remaining active and involved throughout their elder years

8

dependency ratio

the number of productive working citizens to non-productive (young, disabled, or elderly)

9

disengagement theory

theory which suggests that withdrawing from society and social relationships is a natural part of growing old

10

elder abuse

when a caretaker intentionally deprives an older person of care or harms the person in their charge

11

exchange theory

theory which suggests that we experience an increased dependence as we age and must increasingly submit to the will of others, because we have fewer ways of compelling others to submit to us

12

filial piety

deference and respect to one’s parents and ancestors in all things

13

geriatrics

a medical specialty focusing on the elderly

14

gerontocracy

a type of social structure wherein the power is held by a society’s oldest members

15

gerontology

a field of science that seeks to understand the process of aging and the challenges encountered as seniors grow older

16

gerotranscendence

the idea that as people age, they transcend limited views of life they held in earlier times

17

grief

a psychological, emotional, and social response to the feelings of loss that accompanies death or a similar event

18

hospice

health care that treats terminally ill people by providing comfort during the dying process

19

life course

the period from birth to death, including a sequence of predictable life events

20

life expectancy

the number of years a newborn is expected to live

21

modernization theory

theory which suggests that the primary cause of the elderly losing power and influence in society are the parallel forces of industrialization and modernization

22

physician-assisted suicide

the voluntary use of lethal medication provided by a medical doctor to end one’s life

23

primary aging

biological factors such as molecular and cellular changes

24

secondary aging

aging that occurs due to controllable factors like exercise and diet

25

selective optimization with compensation theory

based on the idea that successful personal development throughout the life course and subsequent mastery of the challenges associated with everyday life are based on the components of selection, optimization, and compensation

26

senescence

the aging process, including biological, intellectual, emotional, social, and spiritual changes

27

social gerontology

a specialized field of gerontology that examines the social (and sociological) aspects of aging

28

subculture of aging theory

theory that focuses on the shared community created by the elderly when they are excluded (due to age), voluntarily or involuntarily, from participating in other groups

29

thanatology

the systematic study of death and dying