Chapter 04: Society and Social Interaction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 04: Society and Social Interaction Deck (32)
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1

achieved status

the status a person chooses, such as a level of education or income

2

agricultural societies

societies that rely on farming as a way of life

3

alienation

an individual’s isolation from his society, his work, and his sense of self

4

anomie

a situation in which society no longer has the support of a firm collective consciousness

5

ascribed status

the status outside of an individual’s control, such as sex or race

6

bourgeoisie

the owners of the means of production in a society

7

class consciousness

awareness of one’s rank in society

8

collective conscience

the communal beliefs, morals, and attitudes of a society

9

false consciousness

a person’s beliefs and ideology are in conflict with her best interests

10

feudal societies

societies that operate on a strict hierarchical system of power based around land
ownership and protection

11

habitualization

the idea that society is constructed by us and those before us, and it is followed
like a habit

12

horticultural societies

societies based around the cultivation of plants

13

hunter-gatherer societies

societies that depend on hunting wild animals and gathering uncultivated plants for survival

14

industrial societies

societies characterized by a reliance on mechanized labor to create material goods

15

information societies

societies based on the production of nonmaterial goods and services

16

institutionalization

the act of implanting a convention or norm into society

17

iron cage

a situation in which an individual is trapped by social institutions

18

looking-glass self

our reflection of how we think we appear to others

19

mechanical solidarity

a type of social order maintained by the collective consciousness of a culture

20

organic solidarity

a type of social order based around an acceptance of economic and social
differences

21

pastoral societies

societies based around the domestication of animals

22

proletariat

the laborers in a society

23

rationalization

a belief that modern society should be built around logic and efficiency rather than
morality or tradition

24

role conflict

when one or more of an individual’s roles clash

25

role performance

the expression of a role

26

role strain

stress that occurs when too much is required of a single role

27

role-set

an array of roles attached to a particular status

28

roles

patterns of behavior that are representative of a person’s social status

29

self-fulfilling prophecy

an idea that becomes true when acted upon

30

social integration

how strongly a person is connected to his or her social group