Chapter 09: Social Stratification in the United States Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 09: Social Stratification in the United States Deck (22)
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1

caste system

a system in which people are born into a social standing that they will retain their entire lives

2

class system

social standing based on social factors and individual accomplishments

3

class traits

also called class markers, the typical behaviors, customs, and norms that define each class

4

class

a group who shares a common social status based on factors like wealth, income, education, and occupation

5

conspicuous consumption

buying and using products to make a statement about social standing

6

Davis-Moore thesis

thesis that argues some social stratification is a social necessity

7

downward mobility

a lowering of one’s social class

8

endogamous marriages

unions of people within the same social category

9

exogamous marriages

unions of spouses from different social categories

10

global stratification

a comparison of the wealth, economic stability, status, and power of countries as a whole

11

income

the money a person earns from work or investments

12

intergenerational mobility

a difference in social class between different generations of a family

13

intragenerational mobility

a difference in social class between different members of the same generation

14

meritocracy

an ideal system in which personal effort—or merit—determines social standing

15

primogeniture

a law stating that all property passes to the firstborn son

16

social mobility

the ability to change positions within a social stratification system

17

social stratification

a socioeconomic system that divides society’s members into categories ranking from high to low, based on things like wealth, power, and prestige

18

standard of living

the level of wealth available to acquire material goods and comforts to maintain a particular socioeconomic lifestyle

19

status consistency

the consistency, or lack thereof, of an individual’s rank across social categories like income, education, and occupation

20

structural mobility

when societal changes enable a whole group of people to move up or down the class ladder

21

upward mobility

an increase—or upward shift—in social class

22

wealth

the value of money and assets a person has from, for example, inheritance