Chapter 01: Introduction To Sociology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 01: Introduction To Sociology Deck (24)
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1

antipositivism

the view that social researchers should strive for subjectivity as they worked to
represent social processes, cultural norms, and societal values

2

conflict theory

a theory that looks at society as a competition for limited resources

3

dramaturgical analysis

a technique sociologists use in which they view society through the
metaphor of theatrical performance

4

dynamic equilibrium

a stable state in which all parts of a healthy society are working together
properly

5

dysfunctions

social patterns that have undesirable consequences for the operation of society

6

figuration

the process of simultaneously analyzing the behavior of an individual and the society
that shapes that behavior

7

functionalism

a theoretical approach that sees society as a structure with interrelated parts
designed to meet the biological and social needs of individuals that make up that society

8

function

the part a recurrent activity plays in the social life as a whole and the contribution it
makes to structural continuity

9

grand theories

attempts to explain large-scale relationships and answer fundamental questions
such as why societies form and why they change

10

latent functions

the unrecognized or unintended consequences of a social process

11

macro-level

a wide-scale view of the role of social structures within a society

12

manifest functions

sought consequences of a social process

13

micro-level theories

the study of specific relationships between individuals or small groups

14

paradigms

philosophical and theoretical frameworks used within a discipline to formulate
theories, generalizations, and the experiments performed in support of them

15

positivism

the scientific study of social patterns

16

qualitative sociology

in-depth interviews, focus groups, and/or analysis of content sources as
the source of its data

17

quantitative sociology

statistical methods such as s urveys with large numbers of participants

18

social facts

the laws, morals, values, religious beliefs, customs, fashions, rituals, and all of the
cultural rules that govern social life

19

social solidarity

the social ties that bind a group of people together such as kinship, shared
location, and religion

20

sociological imagination

the ability to understand how your own past relates to that of other
people, as well as to history in general and societal structures in particular

21

sociology

is the systematic study of society and social interaction

22

symbolic interactionism

a theoretical perspective through which scholars examine the
relationship of individuals within their society by studying their communication (language and symbols)

23

theory

a proposed explanation about social interactions or society

24

verstehen

a German word that means to understand in a deep way