Chapter 1 intro to Med Term Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 intro to Med Term Deck (121):
0

Abdominocentesis

Surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid

1

Acute

Rapid onset, severe course, relatively short duration.

2

Angiography

Process of producing a radio graphic study of blood cells

3

Appendectomy

Surgical removal of the appendix

4

Arteriosclerosis

Abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery

5

Colostomy

Surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface

6

Cyanosis

Blue discoloration of the skin caused by lack of oxygen in the blood

7

Dermatologist

Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin

8

Diagnosis (Dx)

Identification of a disease

9

Diarrhea

Frequent flow of loose or watery stools

10

Differential diagnosis (DDx)

Also known as rule out;
Attempt to determine which one of several diseases can be causing the signs and symptoms that are present

11

Endarterial

Pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery

12

Eponym

Disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first

13

Erythrocyte

Mature red blood cell

14

Edema

Swelling caused by abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body

15

Fissure

Groove or crack like sore of the skin

16

Fistula

Abnormal passage usually between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body

17

Gastralgia

Stomachache
Pain in the stomach

18

Gastritis

Inflammation of the stomach

19

-algia

Pain and suffering

20

-dynia

Pain

21

-centisis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid

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-megaly

Enlargement

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-Itis

Inflammation

24

-graphy

Process of producing a picture or record

25

-necrosis

Tissue death

26

-sclerosis

Abnormal hardening

27

-stenosis

Abnormal narrowing

28

-rrhage
-rrhagia

Bleeding
Usually sudden or severe

29

-rrhaphy

Surgical suturing of a wound with sutures, staples, or glue

30

-rrhea

Flow or discharge
Usually body fluids

31

-rrhexis

Rupture

32

-malacia

Abnormal softening

33

-gram
-graph

Picture or record

34

Cyan/o

Blue

35

Erythr/o

Red

36

Leuk/o

White

37

Melan/o

Black

38

Poli/o

Gray

39

Ab-

Away from

40

Ad-

Towards or in the direction of

41

Dys-

Bad, difficult, painful

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Eu-

Good, normal, well, easy

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Hyper-

Excessive or increased

44

Hypo-

Deficient or decreased

45

Inter-

Between or among

46

Intra-

Within or inside

47

Sub-

Under, less, below

48

Super-
Supra-

Above or excessive

49

Dextr/o

Right side

50

Sinistr/o

Left side

51

Pre-

Before

52

Post-

After or behind

53

Olig/o

Scanty or few

54

Arteri/o

Artery

55

Ather/o

Plaque or fatty substance

56

Arthr/o

Joint

57

Athralgia

Pain in a joint

58

-ectomy

Surgical removal

59

-ostomy

Surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface

60

-otomy

Cutting or surgical incision

61

Pyel/o

Renal pelvis
Which is a part of the kidney

62

py/o

Pus

63

Pyr/o

Fever or fire

64

Triage

Medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment

65

Trauma

Wound or injury

66

Viral

Pertaining to a virus

67

Virile

Having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male

68

Supination
Soo pih nay shun

Act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward

69

Suppuration
Sup you Ray shun

Formation or discharge of pus

70

Palpation

Examination technique in which the examiners hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain parts

71

Palpitation

Pounding or racing heart

72

Mucous and mucus

Specialized membranes in the body
Name of fluid secreted by mucous membranes

73

Ileum

Last and longest portion of the small intestine

74

Ilium

Part of the hip bone

75

Laceration

Torn or jagged wound
Accidental cut wound

76

Lesion

Pathological change of the tissues due to disease or injury

77

Malaise

Feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of an infection or other routine

78

Exudate

Fluid that leaks out of a wound such as blood, pus, etc

79

Infection

Invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism

80

Inflammation

Localized response to injury
Redness heat swelling pain

81

Interstitial

Between parts of a tissue

82

Intramuscular

Within the muscle

83

Supracostal

Above or outside the ribs

84

Otorhinolaryngology

Study of the nose, ears, and throat

85

Hypertension

Above normal blood pressure

86

Hypotension

Below normal blood pressure

87

Natal

Pertaining to birth

88

Pyrosis

Heart burn

89

Sign

Objective evidence of disease
Can be measured by patient or others

90

Remission

Temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure

91

Prognosis

Prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder

92

Symptom

Subjective evidence of disease
Can be measured only by the patient

93

Syndrome

Set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process

94

-ologist
-ology

Specialist
Study of

95

Myel/o

Bone marrow or spinal cord

96

Mycosis

Abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus

97

Myopathy

Any pathological change or disease of muscle tissue

98

Myelopathy

Pathological change or disease in the spinal cord or bone marrow

99

Hemorrhage

Loss of a large amount of blood in a short time

100

Myorrhexis

Rupture of a muscle

101

Gastrosis

Any disease of the stomach

102

Hepatomegaly

Abnormal enlargement of the liver

103

Pathology

Study of all aspects of diseases

104

Tonsillitis

Inflammation of the tonsils

105

Gastroenteritis

Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine

106

Neurorrhaphy

Suturing together the ends of a severed nerve

107

Poliomyelitis

Viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord

108

Neonatology

Study of disorders of the newborn

109

-plasty

Surgical repair

110

Phalanx
Phalanges

One finger or toe bone
Multiple fingers or toe bones

111

-scopy

Visual examination

112

Pyoderma

any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming, bacterial skin infection

113

-lysis

Breakdown, separation, setting free, destruction, loosening

114

-pexy

Surgical fixation

115

Peri-

Surrounding, around

116

Abnormal conditions

-ago
-esis
-ia
-iasis
-ion
-ism
-osis

117

Noun endings

-a
-ae
-e
-i
-um
-us
-y

118

Pertaining to

-ac
-al
-ar
-ary
-eal
-ial
-ical
-ic
-ine
-ior

119

Prostrate

Lying stretched out on the ground facing downwards

120

Prostate

Male gland that lies under the urinary bladder