Chapter 7 Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Respiratory System Deck (105):
0

Anthrac/o

Coal, coal dust

1

Atel/o

Incomplete, imperfect

2

Bronch/o
Bronchi/o

Bronchus, bronchial tube

3

Capn/o

Carbon dioxide, sooty or smoky appearance

4

Coni/o

Dust

5

-dynia

Pain

6

Endo-

In, within, inside

7

-isy

Noun ending

8

Laryng/o

Larynx, throat

9

Nas/o
Rhino

Nose

10

Pertuss/I

Intensive cough

11

Pharyng/o

Throat, pharynx

12

Phon/o

Sound, voice

13

Pleur/o

Pleura, side of the body

14

-pnea

Breathing

15

Pne/o

Breath, breathing

16

Pneum/o
Pneumon/o
Pneu-
Pulm/o
Pulmon/o

Lung, air

17

-ptysis

Spitting

18

Sin/o
Sin/u
Sinus/o

Sinus

19

Somn/i
Somn/o

Sleep

20

-spasm

Sudden involuntary contraction, tightening, cramping

21

Spir/o

To breathe

22

Thorac/o
-thorax

Chest, pleural cavity

23

Trache/o

Trachea, windpipe

24

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Bronchial airflow is obstructed
Usually caused by smoking
Generally permanent and progressive

25

Chronic bronchitis

Airways inflamed due to recurrent exposure to irritants like cigarette smoke
Increase in number and size of mucus producing cells

26

Otolaryngologist

Physician who diagnoses and treats disorders of the head and neck

27

Pulmonologist

Physician who diagnoses and treats disorders of the respiratory system

28

Thoracic surgeon

Performs operations inside the chest

29

Emphysema

Progressive long term loss of lung function
Decrease in number of alveoli, enlargement of alveoli, progressive destruction of walls of alveoli

30

Asthma

Chronic inflammatory disease of bronchial tubes

31

Bronchospasm

Contraction of smooth muscle in the walls of bronchi and bronchioles, tightening and squeezing the airways shut

32

Upper respiratory infection

Aka common cold
Can be caused by any one of 200 viruses

33

Croup

Acute respiratory infection in children characterized by obstruction of larynx, hoarseness, swelling around vocal cord resulting in barking cough

34

Diphtheria

Bacterial infection of throat and upper respiratory tract
Produces toxins that can damage heart muscle and peripheral nerves

35

Epistaxis

Nose bleed

36

Pertussis

Whooping cough; contagious bacterial infection

37

Rhinorrhea

Runny nose

38

Sinusitis

Inflammation of sinuses

39

Pharyngitis

Sore throat
Inflammation of pharynx

40

Laryngospasm

Sudden spasmodic closure of larynx

41

Aphonia

Las of ability of larynx to produce normal speech sounds

42

Dysphonia

difficulty in speaking which may include hoarseness, weakness, or cracking of voice

43

Laryngitis

Inflammation of larynx
Causes voice loss

44

Bronchorrhea

Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi

45

Pleurisy

Inflammation of pleura (membrane that covers lungs and pleural cavity)

46

Pleurodynia

Sharp pain that occurs when inflamed membranes rub against each other during inhalation

47

Pyothorax

Presence of pus in the pleural cavity between the layers of the pleural membrane

48

Empyema

Collection of pus in a body cavity

49

Hemothorax

Collection of blood in the chest cavity

50

Pneumothorax

Accumulation of air on the pleural space resulting in pressure imbalance that causes the lung to fully or partially collapse

51

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

Life threatening condition in which inflammation in the lungs and fluid in the alveoli lead to low levels of oxygen in the blood

52

Tuberculosis

Infectious disease that attacks the lungs
Coughing up blood

53

Pneumonia

Inflammation of the lungs in which alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other fluids

54

Bronchopneumonia

Localized pneumonia that affects bronchioles and often leads to lobar pneumonia

55

Lobar pneumonia

Affects larger areas of the lungs

56

Aspiration pneumonia

Occurs when a foreign substance is inhaled into the lungs

57

Community acquired pneumonia

Results from contagious infection outside of a hospital or clinic

58

Pneumocystis pneumonia

Opportunistic infection caused by yeast like fungus

59

Pulmonary fibrosis

Progressive formation of scar tissue in the lung resulting in decreased lung capacity and increased difficulty in breathing

60

Pneumoconiosis

Fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs

61

Athracosis

Caused by coal dust in the lungs
Black lung disease

62

Asbestosis

Caused by asbestos particles in the lungs

63

Silicosis

Caused by inhaling silica dust in the lungs

64

Cystic fibrosis

Genetic disorder
Lungs and pancreas are logged with large quantities of thick mucus

65

Apnea

Temporary absence of spontaneous respiration

66

Bradypnea

Abnormally slow rate of respiration, less than 10 beats per minute

67

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

Irregular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slower respiration

68

Tachypnea

Abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually more than 20 breaths per minute

69

Dyspnea

Shortness of breath
Difficult or labored breathing

70

Hyperpnea

Breathing that is deeper and more rapid at rest

71

Hypopnea

Shallow or slow respiration

72

Sleep apnea

Breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep causing decrease in blood oxygen levels

73

Expectoration

Act of coughing up and spitting out saliva, mucus, or other body fluids

74

Hemoptysis

Expectoration of blood or blood-stained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage

75

Anoxia

Absence of oxygen from body's tissues and organs even though there is an adequate flow of blood

76

Hypoxia

Condition of having deficient oxygen levels in the body's tissues and organs

77

Asphyxia

Loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cannot get the oxygen it needs to function

78

Hypercapnia

Abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood

79

Hypoxemia

Condition of having low oxygen levels in the blood usually due to respiratory disorders or heart conditions

80

Respiratory failure

Condition in which the level of oxygen in the blood becomes dangerously low or carbon dioxide levels become dangerously high

81

Sudden infant death syndrome

Sudden and unexplainable death of sleeping infant suspected to be a heart problem

82

Bronchoscopy

Visual examination of bronchi using a bronchoscope; a flexible device that is passed through nose or mouth and down the airways

83

Laryngoscopy

Visual exam of the larynx and vocal cords using a flexible or rigid laryngoscope inserted through the mouth

84

Peak flow meter

Inexpensive handheld device used to let patients with asthma measure air flowing out of lungs, revealing narrowing of airways

85

Polysomnography

Sleep study
Measures activity during sleep to detect nocturnal defects in breathing

86

Pulmonary function tests

Group of tests that measure volume and flow of air by using a spirometer; measured against the norm

87

Spirometer

Recording device that measures amount of air inhaled/exhaled and the length of time required for each breath

88

Pulse oximeter

External monitor placed on fingertip to measure oxygen saturation level in the blood

89

Phlegm

Thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages

90

Sputum

Phlegm ejected through mouth that can be examined for diagnostic purposes

91

Antitussive drug

Administered to prevent or relieve coughing

92

Bronchodilator drug

Medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs
Used by asthma patients

93

Nebulizer

Electronic device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a mist which is inhaled via a face mask or mouth piece

94

Endotracheal intubation

Passage of a tube through the mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway

95

Functional endoscopic sinus surgery

Procedure performed using an endoscope in which chronic sinusitis is treated by enlarging the opening between the nose and the sinus

96

Laryngectomy

Surgical removal of the larynx

97

Tracheostomy

Surgical creation of a stoma into the trachea to insert a temporary or permanent tube to facilitate breathing

98

Tracheotomy

Incision made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage

99

Pneumonectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of a lung

100

Thoracentesis

Surgical puncture of chest with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity
Removing liquid or air from the pleural cavity

101

Thoractomy

Surgical incision into the chest walls to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment

102

BiPAP machine

Used for sleep apnea; high pressure for inhaling and low pressure for exhaling

103

CPAP machine
Continuous positive airway pressure

Noninvasive ventilation device to treat sleep apnea
Creates constant air pressure in the nasal passages

104

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Breathing pure oxygen in a special chamber allowing bloodstream and lungs to absorb more oxygen to promote healing