Chapter 8 Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 8 Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Digestive System Deck (86):
0

Aer/o

Air or gas

1

An/o

Anus, ring

2

Bar/o

Pressure, weight

3

Cheil/o
Labi/o

Lips

4

Chol/e

Bile, gall

5

Cholecyst/o

Gallbladder

6

Col/o
Colon/o

Colon, large intestine

7

-eal

Pertaining to

8

-emesis or emesis

Vomiting

9

Enter/o

Small intestine

10

Eruct/o
Eructat/o

Belch forth

11

Esophag/o

Esophagus

12

Gastr/o

Stomach, belly

13

Hepat/o

Liver

14

Hiat/o

Opening

15

Ile/o

Ileum, small intestine

16

Inguin/o

Groin

17

-lithiasis

Presence of stones

18

Obes/o

Obese

19

Occult/o

Hidden, concealed

20

Palat/o

Palate
Roof of mouth

21

-pepsia

Digest, digestion

22

-phagia

Eating, swallowing

23

Plak/o
-plakia

Plaque, plate, thin flat layer or scale

24

Proct/o

Anus and rectum

25

Rect/o

Rectum, straight

26

Sigmoid/o

Sigmoid colon

27

Stom/o
Stomat/o

Mouth, oral cavity

28

Volv/o

Roll, turn

29

Xer/o

Dry

30

Borborygmus

Rumbling noise caused by movement of gas in the intestines

31

Bariatrics

Branch of medicine concerned with prevention and control of obesity

32

Aphthous ulcers

Canker sores
Gray-white pits with red border in the soft tissues lining the mouth associated with stress or fever

33

Cheilosis

Crack like sores at the corners of the mouth

34

Anorexia nervous

Eating disorder characterized by false perception of body appearance. Intense fear of gaining weight. Starvation and excessive exercise

35

Bulimia nervosa

Eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by purging

36

Cachexia

Condition of physical wasting away due to loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in sick patients

37

Aerophagia

Excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking

38

Celiac disease

Gluten intolerance
Damages villi of the small intestine

39

Ascites

Result of liver disease
Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

40

Antacid

Neutralizes stomach acid to relieve discomfort

41

Antiemetic

Medication administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting

42

Anastomosis

Surgical connection between two hollow, or tubular, structures

43

Dysphagia

Difficulty in swallowing

44

Leukoplakia

Abnormal white precancerous lesion that develops on the tongue or inner cheek as a result of chronic irritation

45

Stomatitis

Inflammation of mucosa of the mouth

46

Herpes labialis

Cold sores
Blister-like sores on the lips and adjacent facial tissue

47

Trismus

Any reaction to the opening of the mouth caused by trauma, surgery, or radiation associated with treatment of oral cancer

48

Xerostomia

Dry mouth
Lack of adequate saliva due to diminished secretions by salivary glands

49

Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GERD

Upward flow of acid from the stomach into esophagus

50

Esophageal varicies

Enlarged veins at lower end of esophagus

51

Hiatial hernia

Portion of stomach protrudes upward I to chest through opening in the diaphragm

52

Peptic ulcers

Sores that affect mucous membranes of the digestive system

53

Obesity

20-30% over established weight standards

54

Morbid obesity

Weighing twice the healthy weight

55

Dyspepsia

Indigestion
Pain or discomfort in digestion

56

Hematemesis

Vomiting blood

57

Hyperemesis

Extreme persistent vomiting

58

Regurgitation

Return of swallowed food into the mouth

59

Polyp

Mushroom-like growth from the surface of a mucous membrane

60

Diverticulosis

Abnormal number of diverticulum in the colon

61

Diverticulitis

Inflammation of diverticulum in colon

62

Enteritis

Inflammation of small intestine caused by consuming contaminated food/water

63

Ileus

Partial or complete blockage of small or large intestine

64

Irritable bowel syndrome

Cramping, pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea
Not caused by pathogens

65

Inflammatory bowel disease

General name for diseases that cause inflammation and swelling in the intestines

66

Ulcerative colitis

IBD
Chronic condition in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers

67

Crohn's disease

IBD
Blockage of intestine due to swelling and scarring

68

Volvulus

Twisting of intestine on itself, causing obstruction

69

Inguinal hernia

Protrusion of small loop of bowel through weak place in lower abdominal wall or groin

70

Salmonellosis

Salmonella

71

Melena

Indicates injury in upper GI
Black tarry stools

72

Jaundice

Excess bilirubin in blood causes yellow discoloration of skin and eyes

73

Hepatitis

Inflammation of liver by viral infection

74

Cirrhosis

Degenerative disease of liver characterized by scarring

75

Cholangitis

Inflammation of bile duct characterized by pain in abdomen, fever, jaundice

76

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of gallbladder blocking flow of bile

77

Cholelithiasis

Presence of gallstones in gallbladder or bile ducts

78

Choleangiography

Radiographic exam of bile ducts with use of contrast medium

79

Colonoscopy

Direct visual exam of inner surface of entire colon

80

Sigmoidoscopy

Endoscopic exam of rectum and sigmoid colon

81

Proton pump inhibitors

Decreases amount of acid produced by stomach

82

Total parenteral nutrition

Administered to patients who cannot get nutrition through eating
Administered through IV

83

Emetic drugs

Induce vomiting

84

Laxatives

Stimulate bowel movements

85

Palatoplasty

Surgical repair of cleft palate