Chapter 3 The Skeletal System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 3 The Skeletal System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 The Skeletal System Deck (101):
0

Ankyl/o

Crooked, bent, stiff

1

-desis

To bind, tie together

2

Kyph/o

Bent, hump

3

Crani/o

Skull

4

Cost/o

Rib

5

-lysis

Loosening or setting free

6

Scoli/o

Curved, bent

7

Spondyl/o
Vertebr/o

Vertebrae, vertebral column, backbone

8

Synovi/o
Synov/o

Synovial membrane
Synovial fluid

9

Chondr/o
Chondr/I

Cartilage

10

Lord/o

Curve, swayback, bent

11

Hemopoietic

Pertaining to the formation of blood cells

12

Acetabulum

Aka hip socket
Large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint

13

Malleolus

Rounded bony projection on the tibia and fibula on the sides of each ankle joint

14

Hallux Valgus

Aka bunion
Abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe

15

Orthopedic surgeon

Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles

16

Podiatrists

Specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot

17

Spondylosis

Aka spinal osteoarthritis
Degenerative disorder can cause loss of normal spinal structure and function

18

Osteoarthritis

Wear and tear arthritis
Associated with aging
Degenerative joint disease

19

Rheumatoid arthritis

Chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked

20

Ankylosing spondylitis

Form of RA causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae

21

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Autoimmune disorder that affects children ages 16 years or less with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue

22

-penia

Deficiency, lack, too few

23

Per-

Excessive, through

24

Plas/I plas/o

Development, growth, formation

25

-plasty

Surgical repair

26

Poly-

Many

27

Prosth/o, prosthetic/o

Addition, appendage

28

-rrhaphy

Surgical suturing

29

Spin/o

Spine, backbone

30

-stenosis

Abnormal narrowing

31

Sub-

Under, less, below

32

Ligament/o

Ligament

33

-listhesis

Slipping

34

Lux/o

To slide

35

Lumb/o

Lower back, loin

36

-malacia

Abnormal softening

37

Myel/o

Spinal cord, bone marrow

38

-ago

Abnormal condition, disease

39

-algia

Pain, suffering, painful condition

40

All- all/o

Other, different than normal, reversal

41

-ation

State or action

42

Aut/o

Self

43

Bifid/o

Split, divided into two parts

44

Burs/o

Bursa, sac of fluid near joint

45

-clasis
-clast

Break down

46

Dys-

Bad, difficult, painful

47

-ectomy

Surgical removal, cutting out, excision

48

-itis

Inflammation

49

-oma

Tumor

50

-osis

Abnormal condition, disease

51

Oss/e
Oss/I
Oste/o
Ost/o

Bone

52

Talip/o

Foot and ankle deformity

53

-um

Singular noun ending

54

Valg/o

Bent or twisted outward

55

Arthrodesis

Surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a joint; treats arthritis

56

Arthrolysis

Surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint

57

Arthroscopy

Visual examination of the internal structure of a joint

58

Bone density testing

Used to determine change in bone density to diagnose osteoporosis; ultrasound or X-ray

59

Bone marrow transplant

Treats cancers by destroying diseased bone marrow and replacing with healthy donor marrow

60

Crepitation

Grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together

61

Percutaneous vertebroplasty

Minimally invasive; bone cement is injected to stabilize compression fractures within the spinal column

62

Closed reduction

Attempted realignment of bone involved in fracture/dislocation by manually applied force and then immobilization

63

Osteomalacia

Aka adult rickets
Abnormal softening of bones usually due to deficiency

64

Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of bone and bone marrow usually caused by bacterial infection

65

Spina bifida

Congenital; spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it

66

Lumbago

Low back pain
Pain of lumbar region of the spine

67

Kyphosis

Humpback
Abnormal increase in outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side

68

Lordosis

Swayback
Abnormal increase in forward curvature of spine

69

Scoliosis

Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine

70

Osteitis

Inflammation of a bone

71

Osteonecrosis

Death of blood tissue due to inefficient blood supply

72

Rickets

Defective bone growth due to deficiency

73

Periostitis

Inflammation of periosteum

74

Osteoporosis

Loss of bone density and increase in bone porosity due to aging

75

Osteopenia

Thinner than average bone density
At risk for osteoporosis

76

Compression fracture

Occurs when bone is pressed together on itself; caused by spontaneous collapse of weakened vertebrae or can be due to injury

77

Comminuted fracture

Bone is splintered or crushed

78

Fracture

Broken bone

79

Open fracture

Aka compound fracture
Bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin

80

Spiral fracture

Bone has twisted apart

81

Paget's disease

Unknown cause; excessive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation

82

Synovectomy

Surgical removal of synovial membrane of a joint; treats rheumatoid arthritis

83

Laminectomy

Surgical removal of a lamina (posterior portion of vertebrae)

84

Osteorrhaphy

Surgical suturing of bones

85

Chondromalacia

Abnormal softening of cartilage

86

Chondroma

Slow growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells

87

Hemarthrosis

Blood within a joint

88

Polymyalgia rheumatica

Geriatric inflammatory disorder of muscles/joints characterized by pain and stiffness

89

Subluxation

Partial displacement of a bone from its joint

90

Spondylolisthesis

Forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae

91

Craniostenosis

Malformation of skull due to premature closure of cranial sutures

92

Fibrous dysplasia

Unknown cause; destroys normal bone tissue and replaces it with fibrous (scar like) tissue

93

Talipes

Club foot
Congenital deformity of the foot involving the talus

94

Myeloma

Type of cancer occurs in blood making cells

95

Osteochondroma

Benign bony projection covered with cartilage

96

Osteoporotic hip fracture

Broken hip
Caused by weakness of bones due to osteoporosis

97

Orthotic

Mechanical appliance designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function

98

Prosthesis

Substitute for diseased or missing body part

99

Allogenic

Originating within another

100

Autologous

Originating within an individual