Chapter 10 Nervous System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Nervous System Deck (76):
0

Acr/o

Extremities or top

1

Agor/a

Marketplace

2

Caus/o

Burning

3

Cerebell/o

Cerebellum

4

Claustr/o

Barrier

5

Concuss/o

Shaken together, violently agitated

6

Contus/o

Bruise

7

Deliri/o
Hallucin/o

Wandering in the mind

8

Delus/o

Delude, mock, cheat

9

Ech/o
Son/o

Sound

10

Encephal/o

Brain

11

Esthet/o
-esthesia

Feeling, sense of perception

12

Isch/o

To hold back

13

-mania

Obsessive preoccupation

14

Myel/o

Spinal cord

15

Narc/o

Numbness
Stupor

16

Psych/o

Mind

17

Radicul/o

Nerve root

18

Schiz/o

Division, split

19

Syncop/o

To cut short

20

-tropic

Having an affinity for

21

Alzheimer's disease

Involves parts of brain that control thought, memory, language
Deterioration of memory and reasoning capabilities

22

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles

23

Anxiety disorders

Mental conditions characterized by excessive irrational dread of everyday situations or out of proportion fear

24

Antidepressant

Treats depression
Treats OCD
Treats GAD

25

Antipsychotics

Treat symptoms of severe disorders of thinking and mood such as schizophrenia, mania, and delusion disorders

26

Anxiolytics

Temporarily relieves anxiety and tension
Tranquilizer

27

Cephalgia

Headache

28

Migraine headache

Throbbing pain
Nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound
Common for women

29

Cluster headache

Intensely painful
Repeated occurrence in groups
Common for men

30

Encephalocele

Congenital herniation of brain tissue through gap in the skull

31

Meningocele

Congenital herniation of meninges through a defect in the skull or spinal column

32

Hydrocephalus

Excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the head

33

Meningioma

Common slow growing usually benign tumor of the meninges

34

Meningitis

Inflammation of meninges and spinal cord
Caused by bacterial or viral infections
Intense headache and flu like symptoms
Sometimes fatal

35

Cognition

Describes mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory

36

Dementia

Slowly progressive decline in mental abilities
Associated with personality changes

37

Encephalitis

Inflammation of brain
Can be caused by viral infection

38

Reye's syndrome

Disorder in children characterized by vomiting and confusion
Caused when given aspirin to treat viral illness

39

Tetanus

Potentially fatal infection of nervous system caused by toxin produced by tetanus bacteria

40

Parkinson's disease

Chronic degenerative central nervous disorder characterized by fine muscle tremors, rigidity, and shuffling gait

41

Cerebral contusions

Bruising of brain tissue as the result of a head injury that caused brain to bounce against skull

42

Cranial hematoma

Collection of blood trapped in tissues of the brain

43

Traumatic brain injury

Blow to the head or penetrating head injury that damages the brain

44

Lethargy

Lowered level of consciousness
Listlessness drowsiness and apathy

45

Syncope

Fainting
Brief loss of consciousness caused by decreased of blood flow to brain

46

Coma

Profound state of unconsciousness marked by absence of response to stimuli

47

Delirium

Acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking, agitation, and hallucinations

48

Intracranial pressure

Amount of pressure inside the skull

49

Cerebrovascular accident

Stroke
Damage to brain when blood flow is disrupted
Usually fatal

50

Ischemic stroke

Most common in old people
Caused by narrowing of carotid artery

51

Transient ischemic attack

Mini stroke
Temporary interruption in blood supply to brain
Passes in less than an hour

52

Hemorrhagic stroke

Occurs when blood vessel in the brain leaks or aneurysm ruptures

53

Myelitis

Inflammation of spinal cord

54

Radiculitis

Pinched nerve
Inflammation of root of a spinal nerve that causes pain and numbness of affected limb

55

Cervical radiculopathy

Nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region

56

Multiple sclerosis

Caused demyelination of myelin sheathes
Damage caused scarring and physical pain

57

Bell's palsy

temporary paralysis of cranial nerve that causes paralysis of one side of the face

58

Guillain-Barré syndrome

Inflammation of myelin sheath of peripheral nerves
Rapidly weakening muscles
Temporary paralysis

59

Sciatica

Inflammation of sciatic nerve that results in pain, burning, and tingling along the nerve

60

Trigeminal neuralgia

Severe lightning pain due to inflammation of cranial nerve
Affect one side of the face

61

Cerebral palsy

Poor muscle control, spasticity, speech defects due to damage that affects the cerebrum

62

Causalgia

Persistent severe burning pain

63

Hyperthesia

Abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, and other stimuli

64

Paraesthesia

Burning or prickling sensation in hands or feet

65

Peripheral neuropathy

Disorder of peripheral nerves that carry information to and from the brain

66

Echoencephalography

Ultrasound to create image of brain

67

Electroencephalograph

Recording electrical activity of the brain through use of electrodes

68

Functional MRI

Detects change in blood flow when patient performs a task

69

Myelography

Radiographic study of spinal cord after injection of contrast medium

70

Lumbar puncture

Spinal tap
Collecting fluid for analysis

71

Hypnotic

Depresses central nervous system and produces sleep

72

Sedative

Depresses central nervous system to produce calmness without sleep

73

Deep brain stimulation

Treats dystonia, tremors, and Parkinson's
Device stimulates brain with electrical signals

74

Gamma knife surgery

Gamma radiation treats brain tumors

75

Factitious disorder

Individuals acts as if they have physical or mental illness but isn't actually sick