Chapter 9 Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 9 Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Urinary System Deck (70):
0

-cele

Hernia tumor swelling

1

Corp/u
Corpor/o

Body

2

Cyst/o

Urinary bladder
Cyst
Sac of fluid

3

Dia-

Through, between, apart, complete

4

-ectasis

Stretching
Dilation
Enlargement

5

-emia

Blood
Blood condition

6

Extra-

On the outside
Beyond

7

Glomerul/o

Glomerulus

8

Lith/o

Stone
Calculus

9

Nephr/o
Ren/o

Kidney

10

Prostrat/o

Prostate gland

11

-ptosis

Droop
Sag
Prolapse
Fall

12

Pyel/o

Renal pelvis

13

Spad/o

Draw off
Draw

14

-tripsy

To crush

15

Ur/o

Urine

16

Ureter/o

Ureter

17

Urethr/o

Urethra

18

-uria

Urine
Urination

19

Nephropathy

Any disease of the kidney

20

Uremia

Toxic condition resulting from renal failure
Waste products retained in the blood

21

Acute renal failure

Sudden onset characterized by uremia
Kidneys do not receive enough blood due to dehydration/blood loss

22

Chronic kidney disease

Progressive loss of kidney function over time

23

End stage renal disease
ESRD

Final stage of chronic kidney disease
Fatal without transplant or constant dialysis

24

Hyperproteinuria

Abnormally high concentration of protein in the urine

25

Hypoproteinemia

Abnormally low concentrations of protein in the blood

26

Hydronephrosis

Dilation of one or both kidneys
Caused by backup of urine

27

Glomerulonephritis

Nephritis caused by inflammation of glomeruli that causes red blood cells and proteins to leak into the urine

28

Nephroptosis

Prolapse of a kidney into the pelvic area when the patient stands

29

Nephropyosis

Suppuration of the kidney

30

Polycystic kidney disease

Genetic disorder
Growth of fluid filled cysts in the kidneys
Replaces mass of kidney and leads to kidney failure

31

Wilms tumor

Malignant tumor in the kidneys that occurs in children
High cure rate if caught early

32

Nephrolithiasis

Presence of stones in the kidney

33

Nephrolith

Kidney stone

34

Ureterolith

Stone located within urinary bladder

35

Hydroureter

Distention (swelling) of ureter with urine that cannot flow because ureter is blocked

36

Ureterectasis

Distention of a ureter

37

Ureterorrhagia

Discharge of blood from ureter

38

Cystocele

Hernia of bladder through vaginal wall

39

Interstitial cystitis

Chronic inflammation of within the walls of the bladder

40

Vesicovaginal fistula

Abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina that allows constant involuntary flow of urine from the bladder into the vagina

41

Neurogenic bladder

Caused by interference with the normal nerve pathway associated with urination

42

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Enlargement of prostate gland that most often occurs in men older than age 50
Difficult urination

43

Prostatism

Disorder results from compression or obstruction of the urethra due to benign prostatic hyperplasia

44

Urethrorrhagia

Bleeding from the urethra

45

Urethrostenosis

Narrowing of urethra
Almost always men due to injury

46

Urethritis

Inflammation of the urethra

47

Anuria

Absence of urine formation by the kidneys

48

Diuresis

Increased output of urine

49

Enuresis

Involuntary discharge of urine

50

Nocturnal enuresis

Urinary incontinence during sleep

51

Oliguria

Scanty urination

52

Polyuria

Excessive urination due to diabetes

53

Incontinence

Inability to control excretion of urine and feces

54

Urinary catheterization

Insertion of tube into bladder to retrieve a sample, drain urine, or administer medicine

55

Cystoscopy

Visual examination of bladder with specialized endoscope called cystoscope

56

Voiding cystourethrography

Diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is used to examine flow of urine from bladder through urethra

57

Intravenous pyelogram

Radiographic study of kidneys and ureters
Contrast medium introduced intravenously

58

Urethropexy

Surgical fixation of urethra to nearby tissue to relieve stress incontinence

59

Diuretics

Increase urine secretion

60

Antispasmodics

Block signals that cause urinary incontinence

61

Dialysis

Procedure to remove waste products from blood of person whose kidneys no longer function

62

Ablation

Removing body part or destroying its function

63

Cystitis

UTI
Inflammation of bladder by bacterial infection

64

Transurethral prostatectomy

Removal of excess tissue from enlarged prostrate gland

65

Pyeloplasty

Surgical repair of ureter and renal pelvis

66

Pyelotomy

Surgical incision into renal pelvis to correct obstructions

67

Nephrolysis

Freeing kidney from adhesions

68

Epispadias

Urethra does not develop into a full tube

69

Hypospadias

Urethra is on underside of the penis