Chapter 11 Special Senses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Special Senses Deck (86):
0

Adnexa

Accessory or adjoining anatomical parts of an organ

1

Ambly/o

Dull, dim

2

Anis/o

Unequal

3

Blephar/o

Eyelid

4

-cusis

Hearing

5

Dacryocyst/o

Lacrimal sac
Tear sac

6

Dipl/o

Double

7

Emmetr/o

In proper measure

8

Eso-

Inward

9

Glauc/o

Gray

10

-iasis

Abnormal condition or disease

11

Kerat/o

Horny
Hard
Cornea

12

Labyrinth/o

Inner ear

13

-metry

To measure

14

Myc/o

Fungus

15

Mydri/o

Wide

16

Myring/o

Tympanic membrane
Eardrum

17

Nyct/o
Nyctal/o

Night

18

-opia

Vision condition

19

Peri-

Surrounding
Around

20

Phac/o

Lens of eye

21

Phot/o

Light

22

Pinn/I

External ear
Auricle

23

Presby/o

Old age

24

Scler/o

Sclera
White of eye
Hard

25

Strab/i

Squint
Squint eyes

26

Tinnit/o

Ringing
Buzzing
Tinkling

27

Trop/o

Turn
Change

28

Hordeolum

Stye
Pus filled and often painful lesion on the eyelid resulting from an infection of the sebaceous gland

29

Periorbital edema

Swelling of tissues surrounding the eye
Swollen eyelids
Allergic reaction

30

Xerophthalmia

Dry eye

31

Emmetropia

Normal relationship between reflective power of the eye and the shape of the eye that enables light rays to focus correctly on the retina

32

Chalazion

Nodule or cyst on eyelid caused by obstruction of sebaceous gland

33

Ectropion

Eversion of upper edge of eyelid

34

Entropion

Inversion of upper eyelid

35

Conjunctivitis

Pink eye
Infection or allergy
Inflammation of conjunctiva

36

Dacryadenitis

Inflammation of lacrimal gland caused by infection

37

Iritis

Most common form of uveitis
Affects front of eye

38

Keratitis

Inflammation of the cornea due to infection

39

Scleritis

Inflammation of sclera
Infection, chemical injury, autoimmune disease

40

Anisocoria

Condition in which pupils are unequal in size
Head injury, aneurysm

41

Cataract

Loss of transparency of lens that cause progressive loss of visual clarity
Associated with aging

42

Photopsia

Presence of what appears to be flashes of light
Caused by migraines or eye damage

43

Mydriasis

Dilation of pupil
Disease, trauma, drugs

44

Papilledema

Choked disk
swelling of optic nerve at point of entrance into eye through optic disk

45

Retinal detachment

Separation of retina from choroid

46

Glaucoma

Increased intraocural pressure that causes damage to nerves

47

Macular degeneration

Gradual progressive condition in which macula at center of retina is damaged
Loss of central vision

48

Diplopia

Double vision
Multiple sclerosis or brain tumor

49

Hemianopia

Blindness in one half of visual field

50

Nyctalopia

Night blindness

51

Presbyopia

Condition of common changed in eye that occur with aging
Lens less flexible
Muscles become weaker

52

Strabismus

Eyes point in different directions or are not aligned correctly

53

Esotropia

Cross eyes

54

Exotropia

Wall-eye

55

Ametropia

Error of refraction in which images do not focus properly on retina

56

Astigmatism

Condition in which eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of cornea

57

Hyperopia

Far-sightedness defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina

58

Myopia

Nearsightedness
Defect in which light rays focus in front of retina

59

Amblyopia

Dimness of vision or partial sight without detectable disease

60

Visual field testing

Performed to determine losses in peripheral vision

61

Ophthalmoscopy

Visually examine back part of eye

62

Mydriatic drops

Produce temporary paralysis
Forces pupils to remain dilated

63

Slit-lamp opthalmoscopy

Diagnostic
Narrow beam of light permits examination of front eye structures

64

Fluroescein angiography

Radiographic study of blood vessels in retina

65

Tonometry

Measure of intraocular pressure

66

Tarsorrhaphy

Partial or total suturing of eyelids to protect eye when kids are paralyzed

67

Iridectomy

Surgical removal of iris to treat glaucoma

68

Vitrectomy

Removal vitreous humor and its replacement with a clear solution

69

Intraocular lens

Surgically implanted replacement for natural lens

70

Laser trabeculoplasty

Creating opens in mesh work to allow draining of fluids

71

Retinopexy

Used to reattach detached area in retinal detachment

72

Otopyorrhea

Flow of pus from ear

73

Otorrhea

Any discharge from ear

74

Barotrauma

Pressure related ear condition

75

Infectious myringitis

Contagious inflammation that causes painful blisters on ear drum

76

Otitis media

Inflammation of middle ear

77

Otosclerosis

Ankylosis of bones in middle ear
Hearing loss

78

Labrynthitis

Results in vertigo or deafness

79

Presbycusis

Hearing loss occurs as body ages

80

Sensorineural hearing loss

Ear hair cells are damaged

81

Audiometry

Measuring hearing acuity

82

Tympanometry

Use of air pressure in ear canal to test middle ear disorders

83

Mastoidectomy

Surgical removal of mastoid cells

84

Myringotomy

Small surgical incision in ear drum to relieve pressure from pus or fluid or create opening for placement of ear tubes

85

Cochlear implant

Electronic device that bypasses damaged portions of ear and directly stimulates auditory nerve