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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Test Deck (81):
0

Study of all our parts

Anatomy

1

Study of how those parts work

Physiology

2

Study with the unaided eye

Gross anatomy

3

What does "unaided" mean

No magnification

4

The use of plain X-rays

Radiological anatomy

5

Use of X-ray films

Cine radiography

6

Scans the body with X-rays from different angles and combines them by computer to provide cross sectional image

Computer tomography (CT)

7

Sound waves are directed into the body, image is obtained on basis of echoes produced

Sonography

8

Interior of hollow organs can be viewed by passing a flexible tube with light and camera along them

Endoscopy

9

Study with the use of microscope

Histology

10

Deals with the functions of body parts

Physiology

11

Study of the mind, emotions, and behaviors

Psychology

12

Study of the causes and effects of diseases

Pathology

13

Study of how various traits are transmitted

Genetics

14

Name the characteristics of life

Movement, responsiveness, growth, reproduction, respiration, digestion, absorption, circulation, assimilation, excretion

15

Combination of the 10 characteristics of life

Metabolism

16

Requirements of organisms

Water , food, oxygen, heat, pressure

17

What depends on the quantities and qualities of these factors to maintain life?

Survival

18

To maintain a stable internal environment

Homeostasis

19

Three things that keeps homeostasis maintained

Receptors
Set point
Effectors

20

Levels of organization

Chemical level, cellular level, tissue level, organ level, system level

21

Atoms join to form molecules which combine to make organelles

Chemical level

22

Basic structural and functional unit of life

Cellular levels

23

Groups of cells having a common origin become specialized for certain functions

Differentiation

24

Cells are organized into tissue

Tissue level

25

Tissues are organized into organs

Organ level

26

Organs are organized into systems and they make up an organism

System level

27

One cell has to do all the functions and is more complex cell to cell, that one cell is more complex than we are

Amoeba

28

Brain

Cranial cavity

29

Spinal cord

Vertebral cavity

30

Lungs, trachea, esophagus, heart

Thoracic cavity

31

Separates the thoracic

Mediastinum

32

a sheet like structure largely composed of skeletal muscle and connective tissue that separates thoracic and abdominal cavities

Diaphragm

33

Upper parts: stomach, liver, spleen, gall bladder, kidneys, intestines

Abdominal cavity

34

Lower part: urinary bladder, reproductive organs

Pelvic cavity

35

Organs within a cavity (all under one name)

Viscera

36

How many systems of the body are there

11

37

Lines thoracic cavity

Parietal pleura

38

Covers lungs

Visceral pleura

39

Surrounds the heart

Parietal pericardium

40

Covers the heart

Visceral pericardium

41

Covers organs

Visceral

42

Lines or surrounds organs

Parietal

43

Lines the cavity

Parietal peritoneum

44

Covers the organs

Visceral peritoneum

45

Systems of the body

Integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, respiratory, urinary, reproduction

46

Skin

Integumentary

47

Largest organ

Integumentary

48

Structure

Skeletal

49

Movement

Muscular

50

Information center

Nervous

51

Produces hormones

Endocrine

52

Transportation

Cardiovascular

53

Immunity

Lymphatic

54

Digest food

Digestive

55

Obtain oxygen

Respiratory

56

Remove liquid waste

Urinary

57

Reproduce

Reproduction

58

A body part in above another part or is closer to the head

Superior

59

A body part is below another body part or is toward the feet

Inferior

60

Towards the front (ventral)

Anterior

61

Towards the back (dorsal)

Posterior

62

An imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves. A body part is this if it is closer to this line than another part

Medial

63

Toward the side with respect to the imaginary midline

Lateral

64

Describes a body part that is closer to a point of attachment than another body part

Proximal

65

Body part is farther from a point of attachment than another body part

Distal

66

Situated near the surface
Describes the location of certain blood vessels

Superficial or peripheral

67

Describes parts that are more internal

Deep

68

Refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions

Sagittal

69

If a section passes along the midline and divides the body into equal parts, what is it called

Median

70

Refers to a cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions

Transverse

71

Refers to a section that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

Coronal

72

A cut across the structure

Cross section

73

An angular cut

Oblique section

74

Lengthwise cut

Longitudinal section

75

Upper middle region of the abdominal area

Epigastric

76

Lie on each side of the epigastric region

Left and right hypochondriac regions

77

Refers to the middle portion of the abdominal region

Umbilical region

78

Lie on each side of the umbilical region

Left and right lumbar regions

79

Lower middle portion of the abdominal region

Hypogastric region

80

Lie on each side of the hypogastric region

Left and right iliac regions