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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (21):
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Emotion

Is a rapid appraisal of the personal significance to the situation

1

Functionalist approach to emotion

Emphasizing the broad function of emotions is to energize behavior aimed at attaining personal goals

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Basic emotions

Happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, disgust- are universal in humans and other primates and have long evolutionary history of promoting survival

3

Social smile

Between 6-10 weeks, the parents communication evokes a broad grin

4

Stranger anxiety

The most frequent expression of fear is to unfamiliar adults

5

Self-conscious emotions

Because each involves injury to or enhancement of our sense of self

6

Emotional-self regulation

Refers to the strategies we use to adjust our emotional state to a comfortable level of intensity so we can accomplish our goals

7

Problem-centered coping

They appraise the situation as changeable, identify the difficulty, and decide what to do about it.

8

Emotion centered coping

Which is internal private and aimed at controlling distress when little can be done about and outcome

9

Emotional display rules

These specify when, where, and how it is appropriate to express emotions

10

Social referencing

Relying on another's persons emotional reaction to appraise an uncertain situation

11

Empathy

Involves a complex interaction of cognition and affect: the ability to detect different emotions, to take another's emotional perspective

12

Temperament

Early appearing, stable individual differences in reactivity and self-regulation.

13

Effortful control

The capacity to voluntarily suppress a dominant response in order to plan and execute a more adaptive response

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Inhibited children

Who react negatively to and withdraw from novel stimuli

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Uninhibited children

Who display pic Sistine emotion to and approach novel stimuli

16

Attachment

Is the strong, affectionate tie we have with special people in our lives that leads us to experience pleasure and joy when we interact with them and to be comforted by their nearness in times of stress

17

Ethnological theory of attachement

Which recognizes the infant's emotional tie to the caregiver as an evolved response that promotes survival, is the most widely accepted view

18

Internal working model

Set of expectations about the availability of attachment figures

19

Sensitive caregiving

Responding promptly, consistently, and appropriately to infants and holding them tenderly and carefully

20

Interactional synchrony

Seperates the experiences of secure from insecure babies.