Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (20):
1

Induction

In which an adult helps the child notice others feelings by pointing out the effects of the child's misbehavior on others

2

Moral identity

Endorsement of moral values as central to their self-concept

3

Heteronomous morality

Suggests children in this first stage views rules as handed down by authorities, as having permanent existence, as unchangeable

4

Realism

The tendency to view mental phenomena, including rule, as fixed external features of reality

5

Morality of cooperation

In which they no longer view rules as fixed but see them as flexible, socially agreed-on principles at can be revised the suit the will of the majority

6

Ideal reciprocity

The idea expressed in the golden rule

7

Preconventional level

Morality is externally controlled.

8

Conventional level

Individuals continue to regard conformity to social rules as important, but not for reasons of self-interest.

9

Postconventional level

Move beyond unquestioning support for the laws and rules of their own society.

10

Moral imperatives

Which protect people's rights and welfare

11

Social conventions

Customs determined solely by consensus, such as table manners and rituals of social inter-action

12

Matters of personal choice

Such as friends, hairstyle, and leisure activities, which do not violate rights and are up to the individual

13

Delay of gratification

Waiting for an appropriate time and place to engage in a tempting act

14

Moral self-regulation

The ability to monitors ones own conduct, constantly adjusting it as circumstances present opportunities to violate inner standards

15

Internalization

Adopting societal standards for right actions ones own

16

Proactive aggression

In which children act to fulfill a need or desire obtain an object, privelage, space, or social reward, such as adult attention or peer admiration and unemotionally attack a person to achieve their goal.

17

Reactive aggression

Is an angry, defensive response to a provocation or a blocked goal and is meant to hurt another person

18

Physical aggression

Harms others through physical injury-pushing, hitting, kicking, or punching others, or destroying another's property.

19

Verbal aggression

Harms other through threats of physical aggression, name-calling, or hostile teasing

20

Relational aggression

Damages another's peer relationships through social exclusion, malicious gossip, or friendship manipulation