Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

KNH 209 > Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (154):
1

adenoido

adenoid

2

tonsillo

tonsil

3

naso

nose

4

rhino

nose

5

laryngo

larynx

6

what is the larynx

voice box

7

pharyngo

pharynx

8

what is the pharynx

throat

9

tracheo

trachea

10

what is the trachea

windpipe

11

septo

septum

12

what is the septum

divider of the nose

13

sino

sinus

14

sinuso

sinus

15

nares

the two nostrils

16

turbinates

the tube shaped cartilage inside the nose

17

the three parts of the pharynx (throat)

nasopharynx
oropharynx
laryngopharynx

18

pneumo

air or lungs

19

pneumato

air or lungs

20

pneumono

air or lungs

21

pulmono

lungs ONLY

22

lobo

lobe

23

broncho

bronchus

24

bronchio

bronchus

25

what is the bronchus

the main branches from the trachea into the lung

26

bronchiolo

bronchiole

27

alveolo

alveolus

28

what is an alveolus

air sac

29

thoraco

chest

30

pectoro

chest

31

pectus

actual work meaning chest

32

stetho

chest

33

pleuro

pleura

34

what is the pleura

membrane surrounding the lungs

35

phreno

diaphram

36

singular form of bronchus

bronchi

37

the bronchus further divides into the _____ ______

lobar bronchi
(three on the right and two on the left)

38

lobar bronchi then breaks into _______

segmental bronchi

39

segmental bronchi breaks into _____

bronchioles

40

bronchioles end in clusters of _____

alveoli

41

intercostal muscles

muscles between the ribs

42

muscle that lies between the chest and the abdomen

diaphram

43

when the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm contract, ______

air is sucked into the lungs

44

what is inspiration

oxygen in, chest out, diaphragm flattens

45

oxo

oxygen

46

spiro

breathing

47

-pnea

breaking

48

capno

carbon dioxide

49

carbo

carbon dioxide

50

apnea

a/pnea
cessation of breathing

51

bradypnea

slow breathing

52

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

53

eupnea

good/normal breathing

54

hyperpnea

heavy breathing

55

hypopnea

shallow breathing

56

orthopnea

able to breathe only in an upright position

57

tachypnea

rapid breathing

58

hyperventilation

overbreathing; condition of having too much air flowing into and out of the lungs; leads to hypocapnia

59

hypoventilation

under breathing; the condition of having too little air flowing into and out of the lungs; leads to hypercapnia

60

epistaxis

nosebleed

61

rhinorrhea

runny nose
nose/discharge

62

phrenospasm

involuntary contraction of the diaphragm (also known as the hiccups)

63

pleuralgia

pain in the pleura

64

pleurodynia

pain in the pleura

65

thoracalgia

chest pain

66

expectoration

coughing or spitting material out of the lungs
out/chest

67

hemoptysis

coughing up blood

68

sputum

mucus discharged from the lungs by coughing

69

auscultation

a health care professional using a stethoscope

70

cyanosis

a bluish color in the skin caused by insufficient oxygen

71

atelectasis

a/tel/ectasis
not/complete/expansion
incomplete expansion

72

bronchiectasis

expansion of the bronchi

73

-ectasis

expansion

74

hemothorax

blood in the chest

75

phrenoplegia

paralysis of the diaphragm

76

-plegia

paralysis

77

pleural effusion

fluid houding out of the pleura

78

pneumohemothorax

air and blood in the chest

79

pneumothorax

air in the chest

80

pulmonary edema

swelling in the lungs

81

hypercapnia

excessive carbon dioxide

82

hypercarbia

excessive carbon dioxide

83

hypocapnia

insufficient carbon dioxide

84

hypocarbia

insufficient carbon dioxide

85

hypoxemia

insufficient oxygen in the blood

86

hypoxia

insufficient oxygen

87

bronchoscopy

procesdure to look inside the bronchi

88

capnography

procedure to record carbon dioxide levels

89

-graphy

writing procedure

90

oximetry

procedure to measure oxygen levels

91

polysomnography

recording multiple aspects of sleep

92

pulmonary angiography

an imaging procedure for recoding pulmonary blood vessel activity

93

pulmonary function testing

a group of tests used to evaluate the condition and operation of the lungs

94

spirometry

procedure to measure breathing

95

thoracoscopy

examination of the chest

96

ventilation-perfusion scan

a scan that test whether a problem in the lungs s caused by airflow (ventilation) or blood flow (perfusion)

97

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

98

laryngotracheobronchitis

inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi

99

rhinitis

inflammation of the nasal passages

100

pansinusitis

inflammation of all sinuses

101

pan-

all

102

poly-

many

103

sinusitis

inflammation of the sinus

104

asthma

disease causing episodic narrowing and inflammation of the airway

105

bronchiogenic carcinoma

a cancerous temor iriginatin in the bronchi

106

bronchiolitis

inflammation of the bronchiole

107

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

108

carcin-

cancer

109

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

a group of lung diseases characterized by the continual blockage of lung passages

110

emphysema

a disease that causes the alveoli to lose elasticity; patients can inhale but have difficulty exhaling

111

pleuritis

inflammation of the pleura

112

pneumoconiosis

a lung condition caused by dust

113

pneumonia

a lung condition

114

pneumonitis

inflammation of the lung

115

pulmonary embolism

blockage in the pulmonary blood supply

116

endotracheal intubation

insertion of a tube inside the trachea

117

laryngectomy

removal of the larynx

118

tracheostomy

creation of an opening in the trachea

119

tracheotomy

inception in to the trachea

120

lobectomy

removal of a lobe

121

pleuropexy

reattachment of the pleura

122

- pexy

fixation

123

pneumonectomy

removal of a lung

124

thoracocentesis

puncture of the chest

125

-centesis

puncture

126

thoracentesis

puncture of the chest

127

thoracostomy

incision into the chest

128

antitussive

drug that prevents coughing

129

bronchodilator

a drug that expands the walls of the bronchi

130

expectorant

a drug that encourages the explosion of materials from the lungs

131

mucolytic

a drug that aids in the breakdown of mucus

132

nebulizer

a machine that administers respiratory medication by creating a cloud of mist that is inhaled by the patient

133

ABG

arterial blood gas; effectiveness of lungs in exchanging gases

134

BX

Biopsy

135

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

136

CPAP

continuas positive airway treatment; air pressure delivered via a face mask

137

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

138

CT

computed tomography

139

CTA

clear to auscultation; when an examination reveals nothing abnormal about a lung

140

CXR

chest x ray

141

ET

endotracheal

142

IRDS

infant respiratory distress syndrome

143

LTB

laryngotracheobronchitis

144

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

145

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

146

PE

pulmonary embolism

147

PEP

position emission tomography

148

PFT

pulmonary function test

149

PSG

polysomnography

150

SOB

shortness of breath

151

T&A

tonsillectomy and adeniodectomy

152

TB

tuberculosis

153

URI

upper respiratory infetion

154

V/Q

ventilation-perfusion scan