Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (132):
1

cerebro

brain

2

encepal

brain (the stuff inside the brain)

3

cerebello

cerebellum

4

cephal

head

5

cranio

head/skull

6

meningo

meninges

7

meningio

meninges

8

duro

dura (tough outer membrane surrounding brain and spinal cord)

9

neuro

nerve

10

myelo

spinal cord OR bone marrow

11

esthesio

feeling, sensation

12

phaso

speech

13

phreno

mind

14

psyco

mind

15

gnosio

know

16

-mania

excessive desire

17

-phobia

excessive fear or sensitivity

18

-paresis

slight or partial paralysis; varying degrees

19

-plegia

paralysis

20

syncope

fainting

21

dementia

loss/decline in mental function

22

dysphasia

difficulty speaking

23

-asthenia

weakness

24

neurasthenia

nerve weakness

25

cephalagia

head pain

26

neuralgia

nerve pain

27

paralysis

complete of loss of sensation/motor function

28

acrophobia

fear of heights

29

agoraphobia

fear of outdoor spaces

30

hydrophobia

fear of water

31

pyromania

desire to set fire

32

cerebral angiography

procedure used to examine blood vessels in brain

33

electroencephalography

EEG; procedure to examine electric activity in the brain

34

lumbar puncture

LP; inserting needle into lumbar region of spine to collect fluid; also called spinal tap

35

myelogram

image of spinal cord using x ray

36

encephalocele

hernia of brain (usually bc defect in skull at birth)

37

hematoma

tumor like mass made of blood

38

epidural hematoma

hematoma on the dura

39

intracebral hematoma

hematoma inside the brain

40

subdural hematoma

hematoma beneath the dura

41

meningocele

hernia of the meninges

42

neuritis

nerve inflammation

43

afferent nerve

nerve that carries impulses toward central nervous system

44

efferent nerve

nerve that carries impulses away from central nervous system

45

psychiatrist

doctor who specializes in treatment of mind; MD who can prescribe med

46

psychiatry

branch of medicine that focuses on the treatment of mind

47

psychologist

doctor who specialized in study of mind

48

psychology

branch of medicine that focuses on the study of mind; PhD who uses psychotherapy

49

cerebrovascular accident

CVA; accident involving blood vessels of brain

50

stroke

loss of brain function caused by interruption of blood flow to the brain

51

transcent ischemic attack

TIA; mini stroke caused by blockage of a blood vessel (gone within 24 hours)

52

hydrocephaly

abnormal accumulation of spinal fluid in the brain

53

encephalitis

inflammation of brain

54

encephalopathy

disease of the brain

55

meningitis

inflammation of the meninges

56

myelitis

inflammation of spinal cord

57

neuropathy

disease of nervous system

58

poliomyelitis

inflammation of gray matter in the spinal cord

59

anorexia

refusal to eat

60

autism

psychiatric disorder where withdrawal from others; patient focused only on self

61

bulimia

overeating followed by vomiting

62

cerebral palsy

paralysis cased by damage to the area of brain responsible for movement

63

epilepsy

disease marked by seizures

64

narcolepsy

sudden, uncontrolled sleepiness

65

neurosis

nerve condition; not a break from reality

66

psychosis

mind condition; break from reality

67

schizophrenia

mental illness characterized by delusions, hallucination, disorder speech

68

anesthetics

dull pain reception from nerves

69

local

small area

70

epidural

group of nerves

71

general

entire body

72

neurotransmitters

communication between nerves

73

craniectomy

removal of piece of skull

74

craniotomy

incision into the skull

75

neurectomy

removal of a nerve

76

neruolysis

destruction of nerve

77

neuroplasty

reconstruction of a nerve

78

neurorrhaphy

suturing of a nerve

79

central nervous system

brain and spinal cord protected by the meninges..outermost later is called dura

80

peripheral nervous system

nerves that send into to the CNS

81

the largest part of the brain

cerebrum

82

cerebropathy

disease of the cerebrum

83

cerebrospinal

pertaining to the cerebrum and spinal cord

84

cerebellar

pertaining to the cerebellum

85

cerebellitis

inflammation of cerebellum

86

microcephaly

abnormally small head

87

macrocephaly

abnormally large head

88

craniometer

device to measure skull

89

craniomalacia

softening of the skull

90

epidural

above the dura

91

subnormal hematom

collection of blood below the dura

92

myelitis

inflammation of spinal cord

93

myelodysplasia

defective formation of spinal cord

94

hyperesthesia

increased sensitivity to stimuli

95

phrenetic

pertaining to mind

96

agnosia

lack of knowledge

97

atopgrosis

inability to locate a sensation

98

hemiparesis

slight paralysis on one side of body

99

quadriplegia

paralysis in four limbs

100

delirium

sudden state of confusion

101

dementia

persistent state of confusion

102

neurasthenia

nerve weakness

103

herniation

abnormal protrusions of structures

104

encephalocele

herniation of the brain

105

meningocele

herniation of the meninges

106

antidepressant

opposes depression, elevates mood

107

antipsychotic

opposes psychoses

108

anxiolytic

decrease anxiety

109

analgesic

relieves pain

110

anticonvulsant

opposes convulsions

111

lobectomy

removal of lobe of cerebrum

112

endarterectomy

removal of inside of artery

113

endovascular neurosurgery

surgery on the nervous system performed by entering through the blood

114

neuroplasty

surgical repair of nerve

115

neurorrhaphy

suturing of a nerve

116

neurotomy

incision into a nerve

117

pronounce cephalagia

SEH-ful-AL-jah

118

pro neuralgia

nur-AL-jah

119

pro encephalocele

en SEF ah loh SEEL

120

pro meningocele

meh NIN goh seel

121

pro afferent nerve

A fir ent nirv

122

pro efferent nerve

EH fir ent nirv

123

pro hydrocephaly

HAI droh SEH fah lee

124

pro encephalitis

en SEF ah LAI tis

125

pro encephalopathy

en SEF ah LAI tis

126

pro myelitis

MAI el AI itis

127

pro neuropathy

nir AW pah thee

128

pro poliomyelitis

POH lee oh MAI el AI tis

129

pro craniotomy

KRAY ne AW toh mee

130

pro neurectomy

nir EKK toh mee

131

pro neurolysis

nir AW lih sis

132

pro neuroplasty

NIR oh PLAS tee