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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (120):
1

endocrine

senses status and the signals to keep body's functions in balance

2

the endocrine glands

hypothalamus
pituitary
thyroid
parathyroid
adrenal
pancreas
gonad

3

adeno

gland (any gland)

4

adreno

adrenal gland
on+kidney

5

pancreato

pancreas

6

pituitor

pituitary gland

7

hypophyso

pituitary gland
under+physis

8

thymo

thymus

9

gland

signal maker/sender in endocrine system

10

hypothalamus

main gland that sends signals to other glands
under the thalmus
main role: direct activity of pituitary gland --> causes release of releasing homones

11

what are the two parts of the pituitary gland

anterior
postior

12

anterior

origin for blood traveling hormones and stimulates other glands like thyroid

13

thyroid/o

thyroid

14

thyr/o

thyroid

15

hormones

signals

16

crin/o

secretion

17

adrenocorticotropic hormone

ACTH; hormone that causes the arenal cortex to release hormones

18

THS

thyroid stimulating gland

19

what stimulates the gonads?

luteinizing hormone (LH)
follicle-stimulating hormone

20

what are the three hormones that the thyroid makes

T4
T3
calcitonin

21

hyperthyroidism

overactive thyroid; oversecretino of T3 and T4 into the blood causing body's metabolic rate to increase and caused weight loss and a feeling of tiredness

22

hypothyroidism

under active thyroid; under secretion of T3 and T4 into the blood; weight gain and tiredness

23

calcitonin

hormone that encourages calcium in blood to be absorbed into the bone

24

parathyroid

creates a hormone that makes sure not too much calcium is in blood

25

pancreas

both endocrine and digestive organ
endocrine part: makes two hormones that keep level of sugar in blood in balance

26

insulin

decreases level of sugar in blood by encouraging cells to accept glucose

27

glucagon

works against insulin; tells liver to release stored sugar to increase amount in blood

28

adrenal gland

creates hormones in two parts (inner and outer)

29

inner part of adrenal gland

medulla: epinephrine or adrenaline

30

outer part of adrenal gland

cortex: release of corticosteroids

31

gonads

test in men and est in women

32

glycemia

checking glucose level in blood

33

hyperglycemia

high level of glucose in blood

34

hypoglycemia

low levels of glucose in blood

35

euglycemia

normal levels of glucose in blood

36

gluc/o

sugar

37

glus/o

sugar

38

glyc/o

sugar

39

crin/o

to secrete

40

endocrine

to secrete internally

41

-tropin

stimulating hormone

42

-emia

blood condition

43

-uria

urine condition

44

pituitary giantism

abnormally large

45

pituitary dwarfism

abnormally small

46

acromegaly

extra growth is disproportionate in face and long bones of body

47

exophthalmos

bulging of eyes

48

myxedema

due to hypothyroidism; swelling and puffiness of hands and feet

49

polydipsia

excessive thirst

50

polyuria

excessive urine

51

polyphagia

excessive hunger

52

adrenal virilism

development of male secondary sex characteristics due to over secretion of adrenal gland

53

hirutism

facial hair in women due to overactive adrenal gland

54

hypergonadism

overactive gonad gland

55

menarche

first occurrence of menstruation

56

thelarche

breast development

57

amenorrhea

lack of menstruation

58

gynecomastia

male breast development

59

acromegaly

abnormal enlargement of extremities
extremities+abnormal enlargement

60

adrenal virilism

development of male secondary sexual characteristics caused by excessive secreation of adrenal glands

61

goiter

swollen thyroid gland

62

myxedema

swelling of skin caused by deposits under skin

63

-edema

swelling

64

epinephrine

same thing as adrenaline

65

gluconeogenesis

how fast sugar is being made

66

glycolysis

has fast sugar is broken down

67

glucosuria

sugar in the urine
GLOO koh SOO ree ah

68

uremia

presence of urinary waste in blood
yoo REE mee ah

69

adrenaline

hormone secreted by adrenal gland

70

-ine

chemical

71

corticotropin

shorter name for adrenocorticotropic hormone

72

epinephrine

hormone secreted by adrenal gland (means same thing as adrenaline)
upon+kidney+chemical

73

gonadotropin

hormone that stimulates the gonads

74

insulin

hormone secreted by pancreas that controls the metabolism and update of sugar and fats

75

thyrotropin

hormone that stimulates thyroid

76

endocrine

to secrete internally (usually into blood steam)

77

euthyroid

normal functioning thyroid

78

insufficient

gland that isn't making enough of a hormone

79

diabetes

when glycogen and insulin from pancreas work against each other

80

adenoma

when tumor on a gland is benign

81

adenocarcinoma

when tumor on gland i s malignant

82

pituitary infarctions

bleeding into a gland causing those cells to die (in pituitary gland in this case)

83

adenitis

inflammation of gland
AD en AI tis

84

adenoma

glandular tumor
AD en NOH mah

85

diabetes mellitus

metabolic disease characterized by excessive urination and hyperglycemia
MEH lih tis

86

hyperparathyroidism

over production of parathyroid glands

87

hyperthyroidism

overproduction of thyroid glands

88

insulinoma

tumor that secretes insulin (found in insulin producing cells in pancreas)

89

panhypopituitarism

defective or absent function of entire pituitary gland

90

thyrotoxicosis

condition caused by exposure of body tissue to excessive levels of thryroid hormones

91

hormone replacement therapy

bringing hormone levels back to normal

92

adenectomy

complete removal of a gland

93

adrenalectomy

removal of adrenal gland

94

hypophysectomy

removal of pituitary gland

95

thymectomy

removal of thymus

96

thyroidotoxin

substance poisonous to thyroid gland

97

BS

blood sugar

98

CGM

continuous glucose monitor

99

CSII

continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion

100

DI

diabetes insipidus

101

DM

diabetes mellitus

102

FBS

fasting blood sugar

103

GDM

gestational diabetes mellitus

104

GH g

growth hormone

105

GTT

growth tolerance test

106

IDDM

insuline dependent diabetes mellitus (type 1)

107

NIDDM

non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type 2)

108

TFT

thyroid function test

109

TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone

110

T3

triiodothyronine (one of three primary produced by thyroid)

111

T4

thyroxine

112

insulin

hormone released when blood sugar is high; moves sugar into cells

113

chloremia

elevated blood levels of chloride

114

hypercalcemia

elevated blood levels of calcium

115

hyperkalemia

elevated blood levels of potassium (K)

116

hypermatremia

elevated blood levels of sodium (Na)

117

hyperphosphatemia

elevated blood levels of phosphate

118

calciuria

calcium in the urine

119

glucosuria

sugar in the urine

120

ketonuria

ketones in the urine