Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (168):
1

vascular refers to

blood vessels

2

the left side of the heart handles (patients left) _____

oxygen rich blood

3

the right side of the heart (patients right) handles _____

carbon dioxide rich blood

4

septum

thick wall of muscle that divides the left and right sides of the heart

5

mitral valve

connects the left atrium to the left ventricle

6

aortic valve

connects the left ventricle to the aorta

7

valvulo

valve

8

tricuspid valve

connects the right atrium to the right ventricle

9

pulmonic valve

connects the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery

10

the purpose of a valve is to____

make sure blood does not flow backwards

11

the heart has ___ valves

4

12

pulmonary artery

the outgoing blood vessel on the right hand side that brings oxygen poor blood back to the lungs

13

arteries

outing blood vessels (ex: pulmonary artery and aorta)

14

atrio

atrium (upper chamber)

15

septo

septum

16

ventriculo

ventricle (lower chamber)

17

cardio

heart

18

corono

heart

19

capillaries

tiny vessels where oxygen and other nutrients pass out into the tissues and they give back their waste

20

veins carry what kind of blood

oxygen poor back to the heart (right atrium)

21

all of the veins collect into the _______ and _____ ____ ____

superior and inferior vena cava

22

pulmonary vein

dumps oxygen rich blood from the lungs into the left atrium to be sent back out to the body

23

angio

vessel

24

vaso

vessel

25

vasculo

vessel

26

aorto

aorta

27

arterio

artery

28

arteries carry _____ blood

oxygen rich blood

29

veins carry _____ blood

oxygen poor blood

30

athero

fatty plaque

31

phlebo

vein

32

veno

vein

33

angina pectoris

oppressive pain in the chest caused by irregular blood flow

34

arrhythmia

irregular heartbeat
no/rhythm/condition

35

dysrhythmia

irregular heartbeat

36

palpitation

rapid or irregular beating of the heart

37

pectoralgia

chest pain

38

aortalgia

pain in the aorta

39

diaphoresis

profuse sweating
through/carry

40

hemorrhage

loss of blood
blood/burst forth

41

-phoresis

carry

42

-rrhage

burst forth

43

phlebalgia

pain in a vein

44

endocardium

tissue lining the inside of the heart

45

- ium

tissue

46

epicardium

tissue lining the outside of the heart

47

epi-

upon

48

myocardium

heart muscle tissue

49

pericardium

tissue around the heart

50

peri-

around

51

vena cava

large-diameter vein that gathers blood from the body and returns it to the heart

52

bradycardia

slow heartbeat

53

-ia

condition

54

cardiomegaly

enlarged heart

55

murmur

abnormal heart sound

56

tachycardia

paid heartbeat

57

aortic stenosis

narrowing of the aorta

58

arteriorrhexis

rupture of an artery

59

-rrhexis

rupture

60

arteriosclerosis

hardening of an artery
artery+hard+condition

61

atherosclerosis

hardening of an artery due to a buildup of fatty plaque
fatty plaque+hard+condition

62

embolus

mass of matter present in the blood

63

embolism

blockage in a blood vessel caused by an embolus

64

ischemia

blockage of blood flow to an organ

65

occlusion

closing of blockage of a passage

66

thrombus

blood clot

67

varicose veins

an enlarged, dilated vein toward the surface of the skin

68

angiogram

record of blood vessels

69

angiography

procedure to describe blood vessels

70

arteriogram

record of an artery

71

-gram

record

72

cardiac catheterization

process of inserting a tube (catheter) into the heart

73

echocardiogram

image of the heart produced using sound waves; the same procedure as an ultrasound performed on pregnant women but instead it is performed on a heart

74

echocardiography

use of sound waves to produce an image of that heart; the procedure

75

electrocardiogram

record of the electrical currents of the heart

76

electrocardiography

procedure for recording the electrical currents of the heart

77

trans-esophageal echocardiogram

record of the heart using sound waves performed by inserting the transducer into the esophagus

78

venogram

record of a vein

79

blood pressure

the force exerted by blood on the walls of the blood vessels

80

cardiologist

heart specialist

81

cardiology

branch of medicine dealing with the heart

82

cardiovascular

pertaining to the heart and blood vessels

83

cyanosis

appearance of blue skin due to low oxygen in the blood

84

hypotension

dangerously low blood pressure

85

systole

the phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle contracts and pumps blood from the chambers into the arteries; first number of a blood pressure reading

86

diastole

pressure on the vessels when the heart is relaxed and filling with blood; the second number of a blood pressure reading

87

hypertension

dangerously high blood pressure

88

S1

the first heart sound in the heart beat; closing of the valves between the atria and ventricles; represents the beginning of the systole

89

S2

systole ends with the closing of the pulmonary and aortic values, which create the second heart beat (S2)

90

stenosis

when the flow through the valves is tight

91

regurgitation

when blood flows the wrong way direction through the valves

92

angiogram

injecting dye into the blood and viewing the results using x-ray to loo at blood vessels

93

ectasia

dilation of a vessel

94

atrial septal defect (ASD)

flaw in the septum that divides the two atria of the heart

95

cardiac arrest

cessation of functional circulation

96

cardiomyopathy

disease of the heart muscle

97

congenital heart defect

flaw in the structure of the heart at birth

98

congestive heart failure

heart failure characterized by the heart cavity being unable to pump all the blood out of itself

99

endocarditis

inflammation of the tissue lining the inside of the heart

100

myocardial infarction

death of the heart muscle tissue

101

myocardial ischemia

blockage of blood to the heart muscle

102

myocarditis

inflammation of the heart muscle

103

pericarditis

inflammation of the tissue around the heart

104

ventricular septal defect (VSD)

flaw in the septum that divides the two ventricles of the heart

105

aneurysm

bulge in a blood vessel

106

angioma

blood vessel tumor

107

arteriopathy

disease of the arteries

108

arteritis

inflammation of the arteries

109

deep vein thrombosis

formation of a blood clot in a vein deep in the body most commonly the leg

110

hypertension

high blood pressure

111

hypotension

low blood pressure

112

phlebitis

inflammation of the veins

113

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of vein caused by a clot

114

ventricular fibrillation

the main squeezing muscle fibers of the heart do not coordinate and therefore no blood flows...often causes death

115

cardiomyopathy

muscle fibers of the heart of not work as well as they are supposed to

116

cardiac insufficiency

when the hear may cease to function properly in general

117

dilated

heart muscle that is too floppy

118

restrictive

heart muscle that is too tight

119

congestive

heart muscle that is too weak

120

hypertrophic

heart muscle that is too thick

121

pericardial effusion

collection of fluid around the heart in the pericardium; often caused by pericarditis

122

cholesterol

floating fat in the blood

123

antianginal

drug that prevents or relieves the symptoms of angia pectoris

124

antiarrhythmic

drug that opposes an irregular heartbeat

125

anticoagulant

drug that opposes the coagulation of the blood

126

antihypertensive

drug that opposes high blood pressure

127

thrombolytic

drug that breaks down clots

128

vasoconstrictor

drug that constricts or narrows the diameter of a blood vessel

129

vasodilator

drug that causes the relaxation or expansions of a blood vessel

130

vasopressor

drug that constricts or narrows the diameter of a blood vessel

131

cardiopulmonary bypass

procedure that temporarily circulates and oxygenates a patients blood during the portion of heart surgery where the heart is stopped

132

cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

basic life support (you're not actually bringing back to life)

133

cardioversion

returning a heart to normal rhythm

134

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

borrowed piece of blood vessel used to bypass a locked artery in the heart

135

percutaneous coronary intervention

alternate treatment for a coronary artery that passes instruments up a patient's blood vessels into the heart

136

valvotomoy

invision into the heart valve

137

valvuloplasty

surgical reconstruction of a heart valve

138

angioplasty

surgical reconstruction of a vessel

139

angiorrhaphy

suture of a vessel

140

-rrhaphy

suture

141

aortorrhaphy

suture of the aorta

142

arteriorrhaphy

suture of an artery

143

atherectomy

surgical removal of fatty plaque within an artery

144

endarterectomy

surgical removal of the inside of an artery

145

phlebectomy

surgical removal of a vein

146

cardiothoracic surgery

curing open the patient's chest to get access to the heart

147

anastomosis

creating an alternate blood vessel route

148

balloon angioplasy

when a balloon is inflated and to crush a buildup

149

stent

when a mesh tube is interted

150

atherectomy

buildup is destroyed

151

A-fib

atrial fibrillation

152

ASD

atrial septal defect

153

BP

blood pressure

154

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

155

CHF

congestive heart failure

156

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

157

ECHO

echocardiogram

158

EKG

electrocardiogram

159

HTN

hypertension

160

MI

myocardial infarction

161

MRA

magnetic resonance angiography

162

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

163

NSR

normal sinus rhythm

164

PCI

percutaneous coronary intervention

165

SCA

sudden cardiac arrest

166

SV

stroke volume

167

TEE

trans esophageal echocardiogram

168

VSD

ventricular septal defect