Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (145):
1

abdomino

abdomen

2

ano

anus

3

bili

bile (gall)

4

celio

abdomen

5

chole

bile (gall)

6

colo

colon (large intestine)

7

colono

colon (large intestine)

8

dento

tooth

9

docho

duct

10

duodeno

duodenum

11

entero

intestines

12

esophago

esophagus

13

gastro

stomach

14

gingivo

gums

15

glosso

tongue

16

hepato

liver

17

hepatico

liver

18

ileo

ileum

19

jejuno

jejunum

20

laparo

abdomen

21

linguo

tongue

22

odonto

tooth

23

oro

mouth

24

pancreato

pancreas

25

peritoneo

peritoneum

26

procto

anus and rectum

27

recto

rectum

28

sialo

saliva

29

sigmoido

sigmoid colon

30

stomato

mouth

31

BE

barium enema

32

BM

bowel movement

33

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

34

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

35

EUS

endoscopic ultrasound

36

FOBT

fecal occult blood test

37

GB

gallbladder

38

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

39

GI

gastrointestinal

40

LFT

liver function test

41

LLQ

left lower quadrant

42

LUQ

left upper quadrant

43

N&V

nausea and vomiting

44

NGT

nasogastric tube

45

NPO

nothing by mouth (nil per os)

46

PEG

percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

47

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

48

RLQ

right lower quadrant

49

RUQ

right upper quadrant

50

UGI

upper gastrointestinal

51

chyme

the muscle contractions and the stomach juices physically and chemically break down the food into a past-like substance known as chyme

52

pylorus

chyme passes through this muscle at the end of the stomach and into the small intesting

53

the upper GI tract:

mouth, esophagus, stomach

54

the lower GI tract:

small and large intestine

55

the three parts of the small intestine:

1. duodenum
2. jejunum
3. ileum

56

bile

chemicals from the liver that break down food, mostly in the duodenum

57

the four parts of the large intestine:

1. ascending
2. traverse
3. descending
4. sigmoid

58

where are the two places that bile is sent?

1. small intestine
2. gallbladder

59

peritoneum

the membrane that surrounds the abdomen and the GI system and keeps everything in place

60

aphagia

inability to eat

61

-ia

condition

62

phago-

to eat

63

dentalgia

tooth pain

64

dyspepsia

bad digestion

65

peps-

digestion

66

gastralgia

stomach pain

67

hematemesis

vomiting blood

68

hyperemesis

excessive vomiting

69

emesis

vomiting

70

odontalgia

tooth pain

71

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

72

dysentery

another name for diarrhea

73

hemorrhoid

inflammation of the veins surrounding the anus

74

icterus

another name for jaundice

75

jaundice

yellowing of the skin, tissue, and fluids cause by increased levels of bilirubin in the blood

76

cholecystalgia

gallbladder pain

77

stomatogastric

pertaining to the mouth and the stomach

78

-ic

pertaining to

79

stomatosis

mouth condition

80

flatus

medical term for passing gas

81

hernia

rupture or protrusion of an organ through the wall that normally contains it

82

ascites

retention of fluid in the peritoneum

83

cholelith

gallstone

84

chole

bile

85

lith

stone

86

hepatomegaly

enlargement of the liver

87

pancreatolith

stone in the pancreas

88

sialolith

stone in the saliva

89

cholangiogram

record of the bile vessels (ducts)

90

cholangiography

procedure for mapping the bile vessels

91

cholangiopancreatography

procedure for mapping the bile vessels (ducts) and pancreas

92

cholangio

bile vessels

93

colonoscopy

procedure for looking at the colon

94

endoscopy

procedure of looking inside

95

esophagoscopy

procedure for looking inside the esophagus

96

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

procedure for looking inside the esophagus, stomach and duodenum

97

fecal occult blood test (FOBT)

test of feces to discover blood not visibly apparent

98

gastroscopy

procedure for looking at the stomach

99

laparoscope

instrument for looking inside the abdomen

100

-scopy

looking procedure

101

nasogastric tube (NGT)

tube inserted through the nose into the stomach

102

pancreatography

procedure for mapping the pancreas

103

proctoscope

procedure for looking at the anus and rectum

104

sigmoidoscopy

procedure for looking at the sigmoid colon

105

bariatrics

branch of medicine dealing with weight issues

106

proctologist

specialist in the anus, rectum, and colon

107

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the stomach and intestines

108

GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)

disease in which acid comes up from the stomach and damages the esophagus

109

colorectal carcinoma

cancerous tumor of the colon or recutum

110

duodenitis

inflammation of the duodenum

111

fistula

any abnormal passageway in the body that shouldn't be there

112

cholangitis

inflammation of the bile vessels (ducts)

113

cholecystitis

inflammation of the bile (gall) bladder

114

cyst

bladder

115

choledocholithiasis

presence of a stone in the common bile duct

116

-iasis

presence

117

cholelithiasis

presence of a gallstone

118

cirrhosis

liver disease named for the change of color in the liver

119

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

120

laparocele

abdominal hernia

121

peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum

122

sialoadenitis

inflammation of the salivary glands

123

sialolithiasis

presence of salivary stones

124

acute gastroenteritis

infection of the entire tract

125

enteropathy

when the intestines do not work properly

126

pyloric stenosis

overgrown structure in the body; narrowing

127

antacid

agent that neutralizes acid

128

antiemetic

agent that prevents or relieves nausea or vomiting

129

cathartic

agent that produces bowel movement

130

gastrectomy

surgical removal of the stomach

131

gastroduodenostomy

creation of an opening between the stomach and the duodenum

132

glossorrhaphy

suture of the tongue

133

glosso

tongue

134

-rrhaphy

suture

135

odontectomy

surgical removal of a tooth

136

anastomosis

creation of an opening; a surgical procedure connecting two previously unconnected hollow tubes

137

colostomy

creation of an opening in the colon

138

duodenectomy

surgical removal of the duodenum

139

herniorrhaphy

suture of a hernia

140

ileostomy

creation of an opening in the ileum

141

-centesis

puncture

142

cholecystectomy

surgical removal of the bile (gall) bladder)

143

choledocholithectomy

surgical removal of a stone from the commons bile duct
chole/docho/lith/ectomy

144

cholelithotripsy

crushing of the bile (gall) stones

145

laparoscopic surgery

the use of a laparoscope to perform minimally invasive surgery