Chapter 10: Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10: Reproductive System Deck (55):
1

What are the organs of the female reproductive system?

Ovaries
Uterine tubes
Uterus
Vagina
Vulva
Breasts

2

amni/o

amnion

3

cervic/o

neck, cervix

4

chori/o

chorion

5

colp/o

vagina

6

culd/o

cul-de-sac

7

embry/o

embryo

8

episi/o

vulva

9

fet/o

fetus

10

gynec/o

woman, female

11

hymen/o

hymen

12

hyster/o

uterus

13

lact/o

milk

14

mamm/o

breast

15

mast/o

breast

16

men/o

menses, menstration

17

metr/o

uterus

18

nat/o

birth

19

o/o

egg

20

oophor/o

ovary

21

ovari/o

ovary

22

perine/o

perineum

23

salping/o

uterine tubes, fallopian tubes

24

uter/o

uterus

25

vagin/o

vagina

26

vulv/o

vulva

27

-arche

beginning

28

-cyesis

state of pregnancy

29

-gravida

pregnancy

30

-para

to bear (offspring)

31

-partum

childbirth

32

-salpinx

uterine tube

33

-tocia

labor, childbirth

34

What do ovaries produce?

ova

35

What is the most common site for fertilization to take place?

Fallopian (uterine) tubes

36

What does the uterus provide?

Location for development of fetus

37

What is the purpose of breasts?

To nourish infants

38

What do ovaries produce?

Female sex hormones

39

What internal organs are located in the pelvic cavity?

Uterus
Two ovaries
Two uterine tubes
vagina

40

What are external organs of the pelvic cavity?

Vulva
Labia majora
Labia minora
Clitoris

41

What is the region between the vagina and anus?

Perineum

42

What are ovaries and where are they located?

2 glands that are on each side of the pelvic cavity

43

What are ovaries?

They produce and release ova every 28 days

44

What are the 4 female sex hormones?

Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Luteinizing Hormone
Estrogen
Progesterone

45

Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Luteinizing Hormone

Secreted by the anterior pituitary
Stimulate maturation of ovum
Trigger ovulation

46

Estrogen and Progesterone

Secreted by ovary
Prepare endometrium to receive fertilized ovum
Female secondary sexual characteristics

47

What is the purpose of uterine tubes?

To transport ovum from ovary to uterus

48

Where does fertilization typically occur?

Within upper half of fallopian tubes

49

Fimbriae

Finger-like projection ends of fallopian tubes

50

What is a uterus?

Pear shaped organ in center of pelvic cavity

51

What are the 3 regions of the uterus?

Fundus
Corpus
Cervix

52

Endometruim

Inner layer of uterus

53

Myometrium

Middle layer of uterus

54

Perimetrium

Outer layer of uterus

55

What are the functions of the female reproductive system?

Produces ova
Provides location for fertilization
Provides location for development of fetus
Secretes female sex hormones
Produces milk to nourish infant