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Flashcards in Quiz Questions Deck (107):
1

If a word begins with HYPER, it means

excessive, above normal

2

What organ uses the prefix HEPATO

liver

3

The prefix INTER means

Between

4

Which body system uses the prefix NEURO

nervous

5

Use the suffix -ology write a term for the study of the skin

dermatology

6

Use the suffix -ology write a term for the study of the heart

cardiology

7

HIPPA stands for

Health Insurance Portability and Accounting Act

8

Select the word meaning to cut

-sect

9

Elizabeth's overhead tennis shot hit Nicholas in the thigh and produced a large _____. His skin looked bruised and was very tender.

hematoma

10

Structure that surrounds and protects the cell is called

cell membrane

11

Control center of the cell, containing chromosomes is called

nucleus

12

Name the region of the neck

cervical

13

What does LLQ stand for?

Left lower quadrant

14

What is the opposite of proximal?

Distal

15

Select the correct medical term to complete the sentence below:

The kidney lies _____ to the spinal column

lateral

16

The ____ plane divides the body into right and left halves

sagittal

17

Choose the correct term to complete the sentence:

The ___ cavity contains digestive organs

abdominal

18

Choose the correct term to complete the sentence:

Maria's coughing and sneezing was a result of an allergy to animal dander that affects her ___ system

Respiratory

19

Choose the correct term to complete the sentence:

While ice skating, Natalie fell and landed on her buttocks. She had persistent ___ pain for a week, but no broken bones on x-ray examination

Coccygeal

20

Incision is a

Cut

21

Name the top layer of the skin

Epidermis

22

Keratin is

Tough, waterproof material; part of the epidermal layer

23

Arrector pili muscle is part of

Hair structure

24

Sudoriferous glands are

Sweat glands

25

The half moon shaped white area at the base of the nail is the

lunula

26

Build medical term based on the definition and word part given:

of lack of sweat is called: an____

-hydrosis

27

Malignant black tumor on the skin that arises from the basel layer:

_____-oma

Melanoma

28

What is the major mineral constituent of a bone?

Calcium

29

Bone cells that help form bone tissue

osteoblasts

30

___ is the most common spinal deformity in adolescent girls that describes an abnormal spinal column bent to one side

Scoliosis

31

Malignant tumor arising from bone

osetosarcoma

32

Connective tissue that binds muscle to bone

Tendon

33

Movement AWAY from the midline of the body is called

Abduction

34

Give the medical name to the shoulder blade

Scapula

35

Inflammation of a tendon is

Tendonitis

36

Subluxation

Partial or incomplete displacement of a bone from the joint

37

In her 50s, Estelle started hunching over more and more. Her doctor realized that she was developing ___ and prescribed calcium pills and exercise

Osteoporosis

38

Oste/o

Bone

39

Crane/o

Skull

40

Arthr/o

Joint

41

Cutane/o

Skin

42

Cervic/o

Neck

43

-algia

pain

44

-ectomy

surgical removal

45

-itis

inflammation

46

-pathy

disease

47

-scopy

visually examining

48

Subgastric

Pertaining to under the stomach

49

Epigastric

Pertaining to above the stomach

50

Aden/o

Gland

51

Erythr/o

Red

52

Hemat/o

blood

53

Path/o

Disease

54

Thromb/o

blood clot

55

Peri-

Around

56

Name the structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that uses food to release energy

mitochondria

57

A tissue is a group of cells working together to do a specific job. Different types of tissues include

Muscle tissue, epithelial tissue, connective tissue, and nerve tissue

58

Systems are groups of organs working together to perform complex functions. Which organs comprise the skin?

Nails, hair, oil, and sweat glands

59

A body cavity is a space within the body that contains internal organs (viscera). What body organs might you see in the pelvic cavity?

portions of the small intestine, urinary bladder and urethra

60

Name a muscle that separates the abdominal and thoracic cavites

diaphragm

61

The abdominopelvic area is divided into 4 quadrants. What organs are found in the LUQ?

stomach, spleen, part of the small and large intestines

62

The spinal column is composed of a series of bones that extend from the neck tot eh tailbone. Each bone is a vertebra. How many vertebrae are in the lumbar region

L1-L5

63

Name a term that describes the location of one organ in relationship to another

The back of the head is ___ to the face

Posterior

64

In teh anatomical position, the palms of the hands face outward, and the 5th finger is ____ to the other fingers

medial

65

A plane is an imaginary flat surface. Which plane divides the body (or structure) into anterior and posterior positions

frontal (coronal)

66

If you are lying on your belly, you are lying

prone

67

Name the surgical procedure:

Removal of a diseased or injured portion of the brain is called

craniotomy

68

Please name the 3 accessory organs of the skin

nails, hair, glands

69

Keratin is hard, waterproof protein that can be found in

hair and skin

70

Lipocyte

Fat cell

71

It is most common for patients with high cholesterol to develop skin nodules and plaques. Nodular development is usually due to excess lipid deposits, but so are the yellow plaques called ____ that we often see on a patient's eyelids

xanthoma

72

Small elevation of teh skin containing pus is called

Pustule

73

Pimples are good examples of ____ because they are small, less than 1mm in diameter, solid elevations of skin

papules

74

Absence of hair form areas where it normally grows is called baldness or

alopecia

75

Death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply is called

gangrene

76

Largest type of blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to all parts of the body is called ____

Artery

77

Gas released by body cells, transported via veins to the heart, and then to the lungs for exhalation

Carbon dioxide

78

Name the relaxation phase of the heartbeat

diastole

79

Name the valve that is located between the right atrium and the right ventricle

tricuspid valve

80

Place at which bones come together is called

joint

81

Bones are complete organs composed of connective tissue called osseous tissue. Osseous tissue consists of a combination of osteoblasts and bone destroying cells called

osteoclasts

82

The ___ is a strong, fibrous, vascular membrane that covers the surface of a long bone except at the ends of the epiphysis plate

periosteum

83

A hollow cavity within a bone is called

sinus

84

Upper arm bone is called

humerus

85

___ is a breastbone; a flat bone extending down the midline of the chest

sternum

86

___ is the crackling sound produced wen end of bones rub each other

crepitus

87

Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow is called

osteomyelitis

88

What is the medical term for throat

Pharynx

89

What are the air sacs of the lungs called

Alveoli

90

How many lobes does the right lung have?

3

91

The function of the GOBLET cell is to

Produce mucous

92

Breathing air out is called

Expiration

93

Erythrocytes have a unique red color due to the presence of

Iron

94

Where do all red blood cells go to die?

Spleen

95

Many white blood cells have capacity to do phagocytosis. Phagocytosis means

To eat or swallow

96

What blood type is considered the Universal Blood?

Type O

97

Plasma is

The liquid portion of the blood

98

Inflammation of the gallbladder

Cholecytitis

99

Hyperemesis

Excessive vomiting

100

The duodenum, jejunum, and the ilium are part of the

Small intestine

101

The ___ intestine absorbs most of the nutrients while the ___ intestine absorbs most of the water

small
large

102

Inflammation of the small intestine

Enteritis

103

Which organ od the body is both an exocrine and endocrine gland

Pancreas

104

Which endocrine gland regulates the circadian rhythm

Pineal gland

105

Which endocrine gland is referred to as the master gland

Pituitary gland

106

Abnormal or painful menstrual flow is known as

Dysmenorrhea

107

Pathology

Study of disease