Chapter 11 - The Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - The Respiratory System Deck (51)
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1

Pharynx

Throat

2

External gas exchange

Between outside atmosphere and the blood.

3

Internal gas exchange

Between the blood and tissues

4

Turbinate bones

Receptors for smell. Side projection of the nasal cavity.

5

Paranasal sinuses

Frontal, sphenoidal, ethmoidal, and maxillary

6

Nasopharynx

Superior portion of the pharynx. Located behind the nasal cavity.

7

Oropharynx

Middle portion of the pharynx. Behind the mouth.

8

Laryngopharynx

Inferior portion behind the larynx.

9

Epiglottis

Cartilage at the top of the larynx that covers the opening of the larynx to prevent food from entering when swallowing

10

Pleura

Double membrane that covers the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity.

11

Parietal pleura

Outer layer. Attached to the wall of the thoracic cavity

12

Visceral pleura

Inner layer. Attached to the surface of the lungs

13

Phrenic nerve

Stimulates the diaphragm to begin inspiration

14

Compliance

How easily the lungs expand.

15

Surfactant

Fluid produced in the lungs to aid in compliance.

16

-pnea

Breathing

17

-oxia

Level of oxygen

18

-capnia

Level of carbon dioxide

19

-phonia

Voice

20

Nas/o

Nose

21

Rhin/o

Nose

22

Pharyng/o

Pharynx

23

Laryng/o

Larynx

24

Trache/o

Trachea

25

Bronch/o, bronch/I

Bronchus

26

Bronchiol

Bronchiole

27

Phren/o

Diaphragm

28

Phrenic/o

Phrenic nerve

29

Pleur/o

Pleura

30

Pulm/o, pulmin/o

Lung