External gas exchange
Between outside atmosphere and the blood.
Internal gas exchange
Between the blood and tissues
Receptors for smell. Side projection of the nasal cavity.
Frontal, sphenoidal, ethmoidal, and maxillary
Superior portion of the pharynx. Located behind the nasal cavity.
Middle portion of the pharynx. Behind the mouth.
Inferior portion behind the larynx.
Cartilage at the top of the larynx that covers the opening of the larynx to prevent food from entering when swallowing
Double membrane that covers the lungs and lines the thoracic cavity.
Outer layer. Attached to the wall of the thoracic cavity
Inner layer. Attached to the surface of the lungs
Stimulates the diaphragm to begin inspiration
How easily the lungs expand.
Fluid produced in the lungs to aid in compliance.
Level of oxygen
Level of carbon dioxide
Air, gas, respiration, lung
Blood is to alkaline. Caused by hyperventilation
Caused by to acidic of blood. Caused by hypoventilation.
Lobar and broncho are the two forms. Lobar involves one or more love. Broncho occurs throughout the lung
Non infectious lung inflammation such as asthma, allergy or inhalation of irritants.
Fever, weight loss, weakness, cough, hemoptysis
Flu. Fever, chills, headaches, muscle aches
Overexpansion and destruction of the alveoli
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Includes emphysema, asthma, bronchiectasis, and chronic bronchitis
Results from the narrowing of the bronchial tubes.
Chronic irritation and inflammation caused by dust inhalation. Named for the specific type of dust inhaled. Silicosis (silica or quartz) antrhacosis (coal dust) asbestosis) asbestos
Inflammation of the pleura
When air or gas collects in the layers between the pleura
Collapse of the lung
When other materials accumulate in the pleural space
Empyema or pyothorax
Pus in the pleural space
Blood in the pleural space
Fluid in the pleural space
Needle puncture of the chest to remove fluids from pleural space