Chapter 8 - Common Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Common Drugs Deck (22)
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1

Adrenergics

Mimic the action of the sympathetic nervous system, which responds to stress, bronchospams, allergic reactions, hypotension

2

Analgesics

Alleviate pain. Can be narcotic or nonnarcotic

3

Anesthetics

Reduce or eliminate sensation

4

Anticoagulants

Prevents coagulation and formation of blood clots

5

Anticonvulsants

Suppress or reduce number and/or intensity of seizures

6

Antidiabetics

Prevent or alleviate diabetes

7

Antiemetics

Relieve symptoms of nausea and prevent vomiting

8

Antihistamines

Prevent responses mediated by histamines. Allergic and inflammatory response

9

Antihypertensives

Lower blood pressure

10

Antiinflammatory

Counteract inflammation and swelling

11

Antiinfective

Kill or prevent the growth of infectious organisms

12

Antineoplastics

Destroy cancer cells

13

Cardiac drugs

Act on the heart

14

Antiarrhythmics

Correct or prevent abnormalities of heart rhythm

15

Beta-adrenergic blockers

Inhibit sympathetic nervous system. Reduce rate and force of heart contractions

16

Calcium channel blockers

Dilate coronary arteries, slow heart rate, reduce contractions

17

Hypolipidemics

Lower cholesterol

18

Nitrates

Dilate coronary arteries and reduce hearts workload

19

CNS stimulants

Stimulate the central nervous system

20

Diuretics

Promote excretion of water, sodium, and other electrolytes by the kidney. Used to reduce edema and blood pressure.

21

Gastrointestinal drugs

Act on the digestive tracts

22

Sedatives / hypnotics

Induce relaxation and sleep